USMLE Related LinksUSMLE Blogspot | USMLE Dropmark-Text | USMLE Instapaper | USMLE Dropmark | USMLE 4shared | USMLE files.fm | USMLE sites.google.com | USMLE ge.tt | USMLE coursehero.com | USMLE clipsharelive.com | USMLE spaces.hightail.com | USMLE ello.co | USMLE Youtube | USMLE justpaste.it | USMLE RSS Feed | USMLE Killexams-Blog |
USMLE | United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1
Updated USMLE Practice Test @ Killexams
|Exam Name||United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1|
|Questions||849 Q & A|
|Updated On||Click to Check Update|
|Free PDF Download||USMLE Brain Dump|
|Download Full Braindumps PDF||Killexams USMLE Complete Document|
Free USMLE [KW6] and VCE [KW7]
If passing USMLE exam really matter to you, you should just download USMLE [KW2] from killexams.com. It will save you from lot of issue that you will face with free [KW6] available on internet. It makes your concept about USMLE objectives clear and make you confident to face the real USMLE exam. You will see that some questions that looks like pretty simple are tricky. USMLE specialists handle such questions nicely that looks very easy but actually there are lot complication in the question. We help you understand those questions with the help of our USMLE practice test. Our VCE exam simulator will help you to memorize and understand lot of such questions. When you will answer those USMLE [KW3] again and again, your concepts will be cleared and you will not confuse when face real questions. This is how we help you pass your exam at first attempt by actually boosting up your knowledge about USMLE topics and latest USMLE syllabus. At killexams.com, we provide Latest United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 syllabus, Valid and up to date USMLE USMLE [KW3] that are the most effective to pass United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 exam. It is a best to boost up your position as a professional within your organization. We have our reputation to help people pass the USMLE exam in their first attempt. Performance of our [KW3] remains at top within last two years. Thanks to our USMLE [KW3] customers that trust our [KW9] and VCE for their real USMLE exam. killexams.com is the best in USMLE real exam questions. We keep our USMLE [KW3] valid and up to date all the time. These United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 exam dumps will guaranteed to help you to pass the exam with high marks. It is very hard task to choose good [KW3] providers from hundreds of bad dumps providers. If your search lead you to bad [KW3] provider, your next certification will become a dream. Failing in USMLE exam is a big bad feeling. Just you relied on invalid and outdated provider. We are not saying that every USMLE [KW5] provider is a fake. There are some quality USMLE real exam questions provider that have their own resources to get most updated and valid USMLE [KW3]. Killexams.com is at top of them. We have team working to collects 100% valid, up to date and reliable USMLE [KW5] that work in real exam greatly. Download 100% free [KW6] of USMLE exam and review. If you feel that you are satisfied, register for USMLE [KW5] PDF with VCE practice test and become successful candidate. You will surely send us your reviews about USMLE exam experience later after passing real USMLE exam. Features of Killexams USMLE [KW3] -> USMLE [KW3] download Access in just 5 min. -> Complete USMLE Questions Bank -> USMLE Exam Success Guarantee -> Guaranteed Actual USMLE exam questions -> Latest and 2021 updated USMLE Questions and Answers -> Latest 2021 USMLE Syllabus -> Download USMLE Exam Files anywhere -> Unlimited USMLE VCE Exam Simulator Access -> No Limit on USMLE Exam Download -> Great Discount Coupons -> 100% Secure Purchase -> 100% Confidential. -> 100% Free [KW8] sample Questions -> No Hidden Cost -> No Monthly Subscription -> No Auto Renewal -> USMLE Exam Update Intimation by Email -> Free Technical Support Exam Detail at : https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/USMLE Pricing Details at : https://killexams.com/exam-price-comparison/USMLE See Complete List : https://killexams.com/vendors-exam-list Discount Coupon on Full USMLE [KW5] questions; WC2020: 60% Flat Discount on each exam PROF17: 10% Further Discount on Value Greater than $69 DEAL17: 15% Further Discount on Value Greater than $99
USMLE dumps, USMLE braindumps, USMLE Questions and Answers, USMLE Practice Test, USMLE [KW3], Pass4sure USMLE, Pass4sure USMLE Practice Test, Download USMLE dumps, Free USMLE pdf, USMLE Dumps Free, USMLE practice exam, USMLE actual test, USMLE PDF download, Pass4sure USMLE Download, USMLE VCE
Customer Reviews about USMLE
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 - Reviews
Our customers are always happy to give their reviews about the exams. Most of them are our permanent users. They do not rely on others except our team and they get exam confidence by using our questions and answers and exam simulator.
how many days education required to bypass USMLE examination?I used this dump to pass the USMLE exam in Romania and was given 98%, so this is a very good way to put it together for the exam. All questions I was given on the exam were exactly what Killexams had provided on this braindump, which is extraordinary I notably recommend this to anyone in case you are going to take USMLE exam.
These USMLE Latest dumps works great in the real test.Hi, I had signed up for USMLE. Though I had studied all chapters intensive, however, your question bank supplied enough training. I passed this exam with 99 % yesterday, Thanks lots for the point question bank. Even my doubts were clarified in minimum time. I desire to use your carrier in the future correctly. You men are doing a top-notch process. Thanks and Regards.
actual test questions of USMLE exam! terrific source.Many thanks for your USMLE dumps. I identified most of the questions and also saw all the simulations that were already gone through in your braindumps. I got 97% marks. After reading several books, I was quite confused now not getting the right material. I was looking for a guideline for exam USMLE with easy questions and answers. Killexams Questions and Answers satisfied my need because it defined the complicated subjects within the most effective manner. In the actual exam, I got 97%, which beyond my expectation. thanks, Killexams, to your awesome guide-line.
It is great ideal to prepare USMLE exam with dumps.To have a study and put it together for my USMLE exam, I used Killexams braindumps and an exam simulator. All way to this quite remarkable Killexams. Thanks for assisting me in passing my USMLE exam.
Try out these real USMLE questions.It is a great experience for the USMLE exam. With not much stuff available online, I am happy I got Killexams. The questions/answers are just great. With Killexams, the exam was very easy, fantastic.
brief, complete and genuine Q&A bank of USMLE examination.I got Great marks however your gadgets were completely incredible as contrasted with others. I can cross back speedy to buy greater exam braindumps. I wanted to mention a debt of gratitude is so as regarding your amazing USMLE exam guide. I took the exam this week and finished greatly. Not anything had taught me the brain the way Killexams Questions and answers did. I answered 90% questions.
splendid source! I were given actual test questions of USMLE exam.Killexams is a great site for USMLE certification material. When I found you on the internet, I practically joyed in excitement because it was exactly what I was looking for. I was looking for some authentic and less costly help online because I did not have the time to go through a bunch of books. I found enough study questions here that proved to be very beneficial. I was able to score well in my USMLE test and I am obliged.
Do you need Latest dumps of USMLE exam to pass the exam?I am very satisfied with the USMLE Questions and Answers, it helped me a lot in the exam center. I will Truly come for distinctive USMLE certifications additionally.
USMLE Questions and answers required to pass the certification examination at the start attempt.That is a notable USMLE exam training. I bought it because of the truth that I could not discover any books or PDFs to test for the USMLE exam. It grew to become out to be higher than any ebook on account that this exercise exam gives you the right questions, surely the way you will be requested at the exam. No vain statistics, no inappropriate questions, that is the way it became for me and my friends. I Greatly endorse Killexams to all my brothers and sisters who plan to take USMLE exam.
USMLE certification exam preparation got to be this easy.I need to admit, deciding on Killexams was the subsequent wise selection I took after choosing the USMLE exam. The patterns and questions are so nicely spread which permits a person to raise their bar by the time they reach the ultimate simulation exam. admire the efforts and honesty Thank you for supporting pass the exam. keep up the best work. Thank you Killexams.
See more USMLE exam dumps
Direct Downloads Here
Real Exam Questions and Answers of exams
We offer a huge collection of USMLE exam questions and answers, study guides, practice exams, Exam Simulator.
USMLE exam questions & answers |
Latest Exams added
Latest Practice Exam Questions and Answers Added to Killexams.com
We keep our visitors and customers updated regarding the latest technology certifications by providing reliable and authentic exam preparation material. Our team remain busy in updating USMLE exam training material as well as reviewing the real exam changes. They try best to provide each and every relevant information about the test for the candidate to get good marks and come out of test center happily.
1Y0-312 | 2V0-21.19D | 2V0-31.20 | 2V0-41.20 | ACLS | AI-900 | ASTQB-CMT | C2070-987 | C2070-994 | C2090-558 | CFA-Level-II | CLSSMBB | GMAT-Verbal | LSAT-Logical-Reasoning | LSAT-reading-comprehension | MB-500 | Scrum-Master-Certified | SPLK-3003 | 300-515 | 300-915 | 1Y0-403 | SY0-601 | DES-1241 | DES-1D12 | DEA-5TT1 | FML-5.3.8 | NSE8-811 | HPE2-E72 | HPE0-S47 | C1000-010 | ATA | PL-100 | PL-200 | PL-400 | OG0-061 | VMCE2020 | 1Z0-997-20 | 1Z0-1072-20 | 1Z0-931 | 1Z0-1080-20 | 1Z0-072 | 1Z0-082 | 1Z0-083 | 1Z0-1046 | 1Z0-1047 | 1Z0-1048 | 1Z0-340 | 1Z0-632 | 1Z0-815 | 1Z0-816 | 1Z0-928 | 1Z0-933 | 1Z0-958 | 1Z0-983 | 1Z0-988 | 1Z0-995 | 1Z0-996 | 5V0-33.19 | 5V0-34.19 | C1000-019 | C1000-022 | C9510-052 | HP2-H88 | HP2-N49 | HP2-Z36 | HPE0-S57 | HPE6-A27 | P9560-043 | 100-490 | 143-085 | 143-425 | 150-130 | 150-820 | 170-010 | 200-201 | 200-901 | 2V0-21.20 | 2V0-61.20 | 300-535 | 300-710 | 300-715 | 300-720 | 300-725 | 300-730 | 300-735 | 300-820 | 300-835 | 500-440 | 600-660 | 75940X | 76940X | AD0-E308 | AZ-104 | AZ-303 | AZ-304 | CFR-310 | CCSK | CTFL-2018 | CV1-003 | CWNA-108 | DA-100 | DES-5121 | DES-5221 | DP-300 | DP-900 | EADA105 | EADE105 | IAPP-CIPM | IAPP-CIPP-E | IIBA-AAC | iSAQB-CPSA-F | JN0-103 | JN0-334 | JN0-648 | Magento-Certified-Professional-Cloud-Developer | MCPA-Level-1 | MO-201 | MS-203 | MS-600 | NS0-193 | NS0-591 | NSE4_FGT-6.2 | NSE5_FMG-6.0 | NSE7_SAC-6 | Nutanix-NCP | PEGAPCSSA80V1_2019 | SAA-C02 | Salesforce.Field-Service-Lightning-Consultant | SPLK-1002 | 2V0-21-19-PSE | SPLK-3001 | CSBA | Servicenow-PR000370 | Servicenow-CIS-VR | Servicenow-CIS-SAM | Servicenow-CIS-RC | Servicenow-CIS-ITSM | Servicenow-CIS-HR | Servicenow-CIS-EM | Servicenow-CIS-CSM | Servicenow-CAD | Scrum-PSM-II | Salesforce-Certified-Sales-Cloud-Consultant | Salesforce-Certified-Marketing-Cloud-Email-Specialist | Salesforce-Certified-Marketing-Cloud-Consultant | Salesforce-Certified-Identity-and-Access-Management-Designer | Salesforce-Certified-Community-Cloud-Consultant | Salesforce-Certified-B2C-Commerce-Developer | Salesforce-Certified-Advanced-Administrator | QSSA2018 | PEGAPCRSA80V1_2019 | PEGAPCDC80V1 | 1Z0-1068 | MCIA-Level-1 | MCD-ASSOC | ASVAB-Assembling-Objects | ASVAB-Paragraph-comp | ASVAB-General-Science | ASVAB-Mathematics-Knowledge | ASVAB-Electronic-Info | ASVAB-Automotive-and-Shop | ASVAB-Mechanical-Comp | ASVAB-Arithmetic-Reasoning | ASVAB-Word-Knowledge | MB-901 | MB-700 | MB-600 | MB-400 | AZ-220 | AZ-120 | Magento-2-CAD | 701-100 | 101-500 | ITIL-Practitioner | C1000-026 | C1000-012 | C1000-003 | C1000-002 | IAPP-CIPT | HPE2-W05 | HPE2-T35 | HPE2-E70 | HPE2-CP02 | HPE0-V14 | HPE0-S58 | NSE7_EFW-6.2 | NSE7_ATP-2.5 | 212-89 | CAU201 | 1Y0-204 | AD0-E301 | 1Z0-1085-20 | 1Z0-1084-20 | TB0-123 | WorkKeys | TEAS-V6 | SCS-C01 | RPFT | PL-900 | MS-700 | HESI-A2 | Google-AVA | Google-ASA | Google-AMA | GCED | GASF | CRT-450 | CRT-251 | CRT-160 | CLTD | CCRA | AZ-204 | AZ-202 | ASSET | ACE-A1.2 | AACD | 98-388 | PCNSE-PANOS-9 | NSE7_EFW-6.0 | 200-301 | Watchguard-Essentials | TCRN | T1-GR1 | SVC-19A | SPLK-2002 | SPLK-1001 | RE18 | RACP | QSDA2018 | QSBA2018 | PEGACRSA80V1 | PEGACPDC74V1 | PCNSA | PCCSA | NRP | NLN-PAX | NCC | NAB-NHA | Mulesoft-CD | MLS-C01 | LFCS | HPE6-A71 | HPE6-A70 | HPE6-A68 | HPE6-A67 | HPE6-A49 | HPE6-A48 | H31-611 | Gsuite | Google-PDE | Google-PCSE | Google-PCNE | Google-PCD | FSLCC | ECSAv10 | DVA-C01 | DP-201 | DOP-C01 | DEV-450 | DES-6332 | DES-6321 | DES-4421 | DES-1423 | DEA-1TT4 | CWT-100 | CWDP-303 | CSLE | CLO-002 | CLF-C01 | CIMAPRO17-BA2-X1-ENG | CIMAPRO15-E03-X1-ENG | CHAD | CCSP | CBSA | CBDH | CBDE | CBBF | CAMS | C2040-986 | BDS-C00 | AWS-CDBS | AWS-CASBS | ARA01 | APSCA | APD01 | ANS-C00 | AI-100 | AD0-E452 | AD0-E106 | AD0-E104 | AD0-E103 | AD0-E102 | AD0-300 | AD01 | ACSCE-5X | ACP-600 | ACP-100 | ACA-Cloud1 | ABPN-VNE | ABFM | ABCTE | 9A0-412 | 840-450 | 77-727 | 77-725 | 5V0-62.19 | 5V0-61.19 | 5V0-21.19 | 500-215 | 4A0-M05 | 4A0-C01 | 350-901 | 350-801 | 350-701 | 350-601 | 350-501 | 350-401 | 300-920 | 300-910 | 300-815 | 300-810 | 300-635 | 300-625 | 300-620 | 300-615 | 300-610 | 300-510 | 300-435 | 300-430 | 300-425 | 300-420 | 300-415 | 300-410 | 2V0-41.19 | 2V0-31.19 | 1Z0-1072 | 1Z0-1050 | MS-500 | TMSTE | ServiceNow-CSA | SDM_2002001050 | PEGACSSA74V1 | NS0-002 | JN0-348 | ITIL-4-FOUNDATION | CCCP-001 | AZ-500 | ANVE | 50-695 | 3M00030A | 2V0-51-19 | 1Y0-440 | 102-500 | SIAMF | QV12BA | PSM-I | PR000005 | Platform-App-Builder | PDII | PCIP3-0 | MB-330 | MB-300 | MB-220 | HPE0-J50 | H19-301 | Google-ACE | DES-9131 | DES-2T13 | DES-1B31 | CTFL-Foundation | C1000-004 | 700-751 | 5V0-32-19 | 4A0-N02 | 2V0-61-19 | 1Z0-927 | 050-6201-ARCHERASC01 | XK0-004 | SPLK-1003 | PSAT-RW | P2090-095 | MS-900 | MB-320 | MB-310 | MB-240 | MB-230 | MB-210 | HPE0-S56 | HPE0-S55 | H19-307 | GRE-Verbal | GRE-Quantitative | C4040-100 | C2090-616 | 78200X | 2V0-21-19D | 250-440 | HPE2-E71 | PEGAPCSA80V1_2019 | PEGACPMC74V1 | PEGACPBA74V1 | NS0-509 | NS0-182 | NS0-160 | MB-200 | HPE2-CP04 | HPE0-S54 | HPE0-S50 | H13-523 | DP-200 | DES-3611 | DCA | CTFL_Syll2018 | AZ-103 | 830-01 | 700-651 | 700-150 | 500-230 | 4A0-N01 | 352-011 | 2V0-21-19 | 1Z0-1023 | 1Z0-1008 | 1Z0-1007 | 1Z0-1006 | 1Z0-1004 | 1Z0-1002 | 1Z0-1001 | TTA1 | PEGACSA74V1 | NS0-300 | MS-101 | JN0-220 | HPE2-W02 | HP2-H84 | HP2-H80 | HP2-H78 | E20-893 | DES-1B21 | ATTA | ATM | 5V0-31-19 | 2V0-602PSE | 2V0-51-18 | 2V0-01-19 | 1Z0-975 | 1Z0-956 | 1Z0-930 | 1Z0-1013 | 1Z0-1012 | 1Z0-1011 | 1Z0-1010 | 1Z0-1005 | 156-315-80 | 010-160 | SVC-16A | PRINCE2-Re-Registration | NSE8-810 | NSE5_FAZ-6-0 | MS-301 | MS-300 | MS-201 | MS-200 | MS-100 | MD-101 | MD-100 | MAC-16A | MA0-107 | JN0-1101 | HPE0-J58 | H31-523 | H31-211 | H13-629 | H13-612 | H13-611 | H13-511 | H12-711 | H12-311 | H12-223 | H12-222 | Google-PCA | FC0-U61 | DP-100 | DES-4121 | DEE-1421 | DEA-2TT3 | CWAP-403 | CCE-CCC | CAU302 | C2150-610 | C2090-101 | AZ-900 | AZ-400 | AZ-203 | AWS-CSS | AWS-CSAP | AWS-CSAA-2019 | 7495X | 7492X | 7392X | 72200X | 71200X | 500-901 | 500-470 | 3V0-752 | 3V0-732 | 312-50v10 | 2V0-622PSE | 2V0-01.19 | 250-437 | 220-1002 | 220-1001 | 1Z0-972 | 1Z0-926 | 1Z0-888 | 1Z0-1028 | 1Z0-1026 | 1Z0-1024 | 1Z0-1021 | 1Z0-1019 | 1Z0-1018 | 1Z0-1017 | 1Z0-1016 | 1Z0-1015 | 1Z0-1014 | 1Z0-1009 | 1Z0-1000 | 1Z0-074 | 156-115.80 | 500-490 | NSE4_FGT-6-0 | PCAP-31-02 | JN0-1301 | HPE6-A07 | HPE0-J55 | DEA-64T1 | DEA-41T1 | CCSPA | CAU301 | 7497X | 3V00290A | 3314 | 3313 | 3312 | 250-441 | 1Z0-980 | 1Z0-936 | 156-727-77 | PEGACPBA73V1 | NS0-513 | NS0-181 | NS0-159 | ML0-320 | MB6-898 | JN0-662 | HPE6-A47 | HPE0-J57 | HP2-H67 | HP2-H65 | FortiSandbox | AZ-301 | AZ-300 | A2040-918 | 1Z0-987 | 1Z0-973 | 1Z0-967 | 1Z0-950 | 1Z0-935 | 1Z0-900 | 1Z0-346 | 1Z0-344 | 1Z0-324 | 1Y0-340 | WPT-R | WHNP | VACC | TEAS-N | RDN | PET | PCCN | PCCE | PANRE | PACE | OCS | NSCA-CPT | NREMT-PTE | NREMT-NRP | NRA-FPM | NNAAP-NA | NE-BC | NCPT | NCMA-CMA | NCIDQ-CID | NCEES-PE | NCEES-FE | NCCT-TSC | NCCT-ICS | NBDE-II | NBDE-I | NBCC-NCC | NAPLEX | MSNCB | MHAP | LCDC | LCAC | IFSEA-CFM | IBCLC | GPTS | FSMC | FNS | ESPA-EST | DTR | DSST-HRM | CBCP | DHORT | DAT | CVPM | CRNE | CPM | CPCE | COMLEX-USA | CNSC | CGRN | CFSW | CDM | CDCA-ADEX | CCP | CCN | CCI | BMAT | BCNS-CNS | AXELOS-MSP | APMLE | ANP-BC | ANCC-MSN | ANCC-CVNC | AHIMA-CCS | AEMT | ACSM-GEI | ACNP | ACF-CCP | ABEM-EMC | AAMA-CMA | AACN-CMC | CPA-AUD | CPA-REG | PT0-001 | DES-1721 | CV0-002 | C9560-517 | C9550-413 | C5050-380 | C2210-422 | C2010-530 | 9A0-411 | 98-383 | 70-537 | 500-325 | 202-450 | 1Z0-986 | 1Z0-974 | 1Z0-934 | 1Z0-628 | VCS-316 | NCIDQ | MBLEX | LEED-GA | IAHCSMM-CRCST | HQT-4210 | HPE6-A42 | HP2-H62 | HCE-5420 | E20-575 | NBSTSA-CST | CDCS-001 | C5050-384 | C2070-582 | C2010-825 | A2040-921 | A2040-910 | 7765X | 700-901 | 700-551 | 250-430 | 1Z0-853 | 1Z0-581 | 1Z0-545 | 1Y0-402 | 1D0-621 | 156-215-80 | HPE0-S48 | JN0-410 | C2090-735 | C2090-603 | 7241X | 7141X | 700-105 | 500-710 | 200-401 | 1Z0-477 | 090-077 | VCS-256 | HPE2-T34 | HPE2-K43 | HCE-5710 | E20-585 | CAS-003 | 9A0-410 | 98-382 | 98-381 | 810-440 | 700-265 | 700-020 | 70-779 | 70-745 | 500-551 | 500-301 | 3V0-624 | 300-100 | 1Z0-968 | 1Z0-447 | 1Z0-439 | 1Z0-414 | 156-915-80 | VCS-413 | VCS-275 | VCS-274 | PCNSE | N10-007 | MB6-897 | ITEC-Massage | HPE2-E69 | HPE2-E55 | HPE0-S52 | HPE0-J78 | FTCE | Firefighter | CSWIP | CPT | APA-CPP | CPFA | CPAT | CCC | CAT-340 | IAAP-CAP | C2150-609 | C2090-320 | BCB-Analyst | 7491X | 7391X | 70-705 | 500-701 | 500-651 | 201-450 | 1Z0-932 | 1V0-701 | ACMA-6.4 | ACMA-6.3 | VCS-257 | SPHR | SDM-2002001040 | SDM-2002001030 | S10-110 | PEGACLSA_6.2V2 | PDM-2002001060 | PCAT | P2090-027 | NSE4-5-4 | NCS-20022101010 | NCLEX-RN | NCLEX-PN | MB6-894 | JN0-411 | JN0-361 | ITILFND | IIA-CIA-Part3 | IIA-CIA-Part2 | IIA-CIA-Part1 | HPE6-A45 | HPE6-A43 | HPE2-Z40 | HPE0-S51 | HP2-B129 | Hadoop-PR000007 | H12-261 | FCNSP.V5 | E20-920 | E20-307 | DEV-401 | CWNA-107 | CTAL-TM_Syll2012 | CTAL-TA_Syll2012 | CPIM-MPR | CPD-001 | CoreSpringV3.2 | C9530-519 | C9060-528 | C9060-521 | C9030-644 | C9020-667 | C9020-662 | C2180-275 | C2180-273 | C2150-630 | C2140-823 | C2090-623 | C2070-588 | C2070-586 | C2070-585 | BAGUILD-CBA-LVL1-100 | 70-778 | 70-768 | 70-767 | 600-211 | 600-210 | 412-79v8 | 3203 | 312-49v9 | 3101 | 3100 | 2D00056A | 1Z0-985 | 1Z0-982 | 1Z0-970 | 1Z0-969 | 1Z0-966 | 1Z0-962 | 1Z0-499 | 1Z0-348 | 1Z0-325 | 1Z0-320 | 1Z0-161 | 1Z0-148 | 1Z0-134 | 1Z0-070 | 1Y0-203 | 156-915.77 | 156-727.77 | 156-315.77 | 156-315.65 | 156-215.65 | 156-115.77 | 050-v5x-CAARCHER01 | 050-80-CASECURID01 | 002-ARXTroubleshoot | SY0-501 | VCS-323 | VCS-322 | T7 | NS0-505 | M9550-752 | JN0-647 | JN0-634 | JN0-347 | JN0-333 | HPE6-A44 | FAR | DES-1D11 | CEMAP-1 | C9560-515 | C9560-040 | C9530-001 | C9510-418 | C9050-041 | C9020-668 | C9020-563 | C8 | C2150-620 | ADM211 | 9A0-383 | 7691X | 7595X | 6210 | 250-428 | 200-710 | 1Z0-976 | 1Z0-971 | 1Z0-964 | 1Z0-961 | 1Z0-960 | 1Z0-595 | 1Z0-588 | 1Z0-449 | 1Z0-349 | 1Z0-339 | 1Y0-311 | 1Y0-240 | 1Y0-230 | 156-215-77 | 412-79v9 | IELTS | VCS-412 | VCS-409 | VCS-371 | VCS-352 | VCS-319 | VCS-318 | VCS-310 | VCS-277 | VCS-276 | VCS-271 | VCS-255 | VCS-253 | VCS-252 | VCS-220 | S10-210 | PPM-001 | PK0-004 | NS0-507 | NS0-506 | NS0-191 | NS0-180 | NS0-158 | LCP-001 | JN0-680 | HPE6-A41 | HPE6-A29 | HPE6-A15 | HPE2-Z39 | HPE2-T27 | HPE0-S22 | HPE0-J80 | HPE0-J79 | HP2-Z34 | HP2-H32 | HP2-B149 | HP2-B148 | HP2-B144 | HC-224 | H12-211 | E20-375 | C9520-421 | C9060-511 | C5050-300 | BEC | AHM-540 | A2090-719 | 9A0-803 | 9A0-702 | 9A0-602 | 9A0-394 | 9A0-392 | 9A0-382 | 9A0-045 | 98-368 | 7591X | 700-802 | 700-295 | 70-744 | 70-357 | 62-193 | 501-01 | 500-290 | 500-265 | 303-200 | 2V0-642 | 2U00210A | 1Z0-965 | 1Z0-963 | 1Z0-500 | 1Z0-493 | 1Z0-468 | 1Z0-416 | 1Z0-342 | 1Z0-338 | 1Z0-321 | HPE0-S46 | HPE0-S37 | HPE0-J77 | HPE0-J76 | HPE0-J75 | CWAP-402 | C2090-625 | 9A0-367 | 7693X | 7593X | 70-764 | 500-052 | 1Z0-443 | 1Z0-347 | MA0-103 | JN0-1100 | HPE2-Z38 | E20-526 | CS0-001 | 9A0-381 | 7750X | 7304 | 70-742 | 1Z0-404 | 156-730 | MB2-716 | HPE2-W01 | HPE2-E68 | HPE2-E67 | 9A0-395 | 9A0-393 | 70-741 | 210-255 | 1Z0-337 | 1Z0-330 | NSE8 | HPE2-T22 | FSDEV | C9520-403 | C9510-669 | C2150-463 | C2090-621 | C2090-600 | 7230X | 7220X | 7130X | 70-740 | 202-400 | 201-400 | 1Z0-160 | P5050-031 | OMG-OCRES-A300 | NSE6 | MA0-104 | JN0-661 | JN0-346 | JN0-1330 | E20-624 | E20-562 | CPIM-BSP | C9520-929 | C9520-928 | C9520-923 | C9520-911 | C9510-819 | C9050-549 | C9050-548 | C9050-042 | C9010-262 | C2090-136 | C2010-555 | 9A0-409 | 70-765 | 500-210 | 500-205 | 210-250 | 1Z0-453 | PEGACSA72V1 | M2150-756 | JN0-1300 | HPE2-T30 | C9560-574 | C9560-568 | C9560-507 | C9560-505 | C9560-503 | C9550-605 | C9520-423 | C9010-250 | C8060-220 | C5050-287 | ASVAB | 7893X | 70-762 | 70-761 | 70-743 | 70-339 | 600-455 | 3C00120A | 1Z0-479 | 1Z0-066 | TM12 | TA12 | PR000007 | P9510-020 | P9050-005 | P8060-002 | P8060-001 | P8010-088 | P8010-034 | P8010-005 | P8010-004 | P6040-025 | P6040-017 | P2180-089 | P2170-035 | P2170-033 | P2140-022 | P2140-020 | P2090-086 | P2090-080 | P2090-076 | P2090-068 | P2090-046 | P2090-045 | P2090-011 | P2090-010 | P2070-072 | P2070-053 | P2065-037 | P2065-016 | P2065-013 | P2050-028 | P2050-006 | P2040-060 | P2020-007 | OG0-021 | NSE7 | MSC-331 | MSC-321 | M9560-760 | M9560-727 | M9560-670 | M9560-231 | M9510-726 | M9510-664 | M9510-648 | M9060-719 | M9060-616 | M8060-730 | M8060-655 | M8010-246 | M8010-241 | M8010-238 | M6040-520 | M6040-420 | M6040-419 | M2180-651 | M2140-726 | M2140-649 | M2140-648 | M2090-643 | M2090-618 | M2090-234 | M2080-663 | M2065-741 | M2050-243 | M2020-645 | M2020-620 | M2020-229 | M2010-760 | M2010-719 | ITILSC-OSA | HP5-Z02D | HP5-H09D | HP5-H07D | HP5-H03D | HP5-B05D | HP2-N52 | HP2-N43 | HP2-K41 | HP2-K39 | HP2-H38 | HP2-H37 | HP2-H30 | HP0-M74 | HP0-M101 | HH0-350 | C9560-510 | C9550-400 | C9060-518 | C9010-030 | C7010-010 | C2180-279 | C2180-183 | C2150-200 | C2140-820 | A2040-951 | A2010-652 | A2010-572 | 499-01 | Wonderlic | 250-412 | 250-411 | 250-410 | 250-405 | 250-272 | 250-254 | PEGACDA71V1 | ACE | 1Z0-448 | 1Z0-435 | 1Z0-400 | 1Z0-028 | 77-420 | 70-345 | NCLEX | NBRC | CNS | 304-200 | PCM | P8010-003 | P2170-749 | P2170-037 | P2170-036 | P2090-054 | P2080-088 | P2080-034 | P2065-749 | P2060-017 | P2060-002 | P2050-007 | P2050-005 | P2050-004 | P2050-003 | M9510-747 | M8060-729 | M8010-242 | M6040-427 | M5050-716 | M2150-810 | M2150-753 | M2150-728 | M2090-732 | M2090-626 | M2090-615 | M2080-713 | M2080-241 | M2065-659 | M2065-647 | M2050-655 | M2050-242 | M2040-724 | M2040-641 | M2035-725 | M2010-649 | M2010-616 | C9560-658 | C9560-023 | C9550-273 | C9530-404 | C9520-427 | C9510-401 | C9510-317 | C9060-509 | C9030-634 | C9030-633 | C9020-971 | C9020-970 | C9020-461 | C9010-252 | C9010-022 | C8010-726 | C8010-725 | C8010-241 | C8010-240 | C5050-285 | C5050-284 | C5050-280 | C2180-410 | C2150-508 | C2090-930 | C2090-645 | C2090-642 | C2090-180 | C2090-013 | C2090-011 | C2040-985 | C2040-958 | C2010-940 | C2010-654 | C2010-653 | C2010-517 | C2010-024 | BAS-004 | A6040-752 | A4120-784 | A2180-607 | A2160-667 | A2090-558 | A2090-421 | A2040-986 | A2040-913 | A2040-441 | A2040-440 | A2040-412 | A2040-405 | A2040-403 | A2010-599 | A2010-578 | A2010-573 | A2010-564 | A2010-538 | A2010-502 | 000-198 | 000-052 | HP3-F18 | HP3-C36 | HP3-C33 | HP3-C29 | HP2-H40 | HP2-H31 | HP0-Y52 | HP0-M77 | HH0-380 | 106 | E20-368 | SK0-004 | 1Y0-371 | 700-703 | CA-Real-Estate | AND-403 | AND-402 | GED | 9A0-365 | 9A0-351 | TEAS | COMPASS | PMI-002 | SSAT | 70-333 | QIA | Property-and-Casualty | PDDM | PARCC | HH0-300 |
See more braindumps
Actual Test Questions and Answers of exams
You should visit the actual questions and braindumps website that provide 100% free dumps for you to review and make your decision to buy full version of exam.
Top of the list Vendors
Industry Leading Vendors
Top notch vendors that dominate the entire world market by their technology and experties. We try to cover almost all the technology vendors and their certification areas so that our customers and visitors obtain all the information about test at one place.
USMLE Sample Questions
USMLE Demo and SampleNote: Answers are below each question.
Samples are taken from full version.
USMLE USMLE : United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 ExamExam Dumps Organized by Conway
Latest 2021 Updated Syllabus USMLE test Dumps | Complete Question Bank with genuine Questions
Real Questions from New Course of USMLE - Updated Daily - 100% Pass Guarantee
USMLE sample Question : Download 100% Free USMLE Dumps PDF and VCE
Exam Number : USMLE
Exam Name : United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1
Vendor Name : USMLE
Update : Click Here to Check Latest Update
Question Bank : Check Questions
Each of our USMLE PDF Braindumps are in due course necessary to pass USMLE quiz
killexams.com offer you to aim its 100 % free USMLE hear questions that are taken from complete version with USMLE exam. Our USMLE exam dumps is made up of finalized Latest Topics test set. Killexams. com offers you ninety days free up-dates of USMLE United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Latest Topics questions. Your Certified party is always offered at back end who all updates the exact dumps like and when demanded.
We have customer feedback of many individuals that move USMLE test
with our cheat sheet. Each are working during great job in their separate associations. This may not be on the grounds that, that they utilize the USMLE Practice Test, that they really feel enhancement in their know-how. They can job in true environment with association because expert. Many of us don't simply give attention to passing USMLE test
with braindumps, yet really develop knowledge about USMLE objectives and also topics. With this, people acheived success in their area.
Killexams.com provide Most current, Valid and also Up-to-date USMLE USMLE Practice Test that are one of the best to pass United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 exam. It's a best to assist up your position as an professional inside your association. We have the reputation that can help individuals move the USMLE test within their first consider. Performance of our Free PDF remained during top during last nearly four years. Out of our USMLE Practice Test, clients rely on our USMLE Exam Questions and also VCE for his or her real USMLE exam. killexams.com is a good in USMLE real exams questions. We retain our USMLE Practice Test legitimate and modern constantly.
Giving just Practice Test is not a sufficient amount of. practicing unnecessary material with USMLE does not help. It really make you more confuse about USMLE themes, until you obtain reliable, legitimate and up thus far USMLE Practice Test questions and also VCE process test. Killexams.com is definitely top series provider with quality fabric of USMLE Practice Test, valid Questions and answers, fully analyzed Free PDFand VCE practice Examine. That is just some clicks at bay. Just have a look at killexams.com to download your completely free duplicate of USMLE Practice Test ELECTRONICO. Read structure questions and try to understand. Once you satisfy, signup your whole copy with USMLE Real test Questions. You will receive your personal username and password, you'll use regarding website for you to login for your download accounts. You will see USMLE Exam Questions archives, ready to download and VCE practice evaluation files. Install USMLE VCE practice evaluation software and load the test meant for practice. You'll how your understanding is improved. This will likely make you hence confident you'll decide to sit in exact USMLE test within 24 hours.
Features of Killexams USMLE Practice Test
-> USMLE Practice Test download Access in just 5 min.
-> Complete USMLE Questions Loan company
-> USMLE test Success Promise
-> Guaranteed Authentic USMLE test Questions
-> Most current and up thus far USMLE Questions and Answers
-> Checked USMLE Answers
-> Save USMLE test Files any place
-> Unlimited USMLE VCE test Simulator Gain access to
-> Unlimited USMLE test Save
-> Great Discounts
-> 100% Safeguarded Purchase
-> completely Confidential.
-> completely Free Practice Test for analysis
-> No Undetectable Cost
-> No Monthly Reoccuring
-> No Auto Renewal
-> USMLE test Update Excitation by E-mail
-> Free Tech support team
Exam Feature at: https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/USMLE
Price Details during: https://killexams.com/exam-price-comparison/USMLE
See Finish List: https://killexams.com/vendors-exam-list
Discount Minute coupon on Maximum USMLE Exam Questions questions;
WC2020: 60% Washboard Discount on each of your exam
PROF17: 10% Further Discount regarding Value Greater than $69
DEAL17: 15% Further Discounted on Importance Greater than $99
USMLE test Format | USMLE Course Contents | USMLE Course Outline | USMLE test Syllabus | USMLE test Objectives
Beginning in May 2020, Step 1 examinations will include an increased number of questions that assess communications skills. The tables below provide information on the content weighting for Step 1 examinations administered before and after May 2020.
Table of Contents
- General Principles of Foundational Science
- Immune System
- Blood & Lymphoreticular System
- Behavioral Health
- Nervous System & Special Senses
- Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue
- Musculoskeletal System
- Cardiovascular System
- Respiratory System
- Gastrointestinal System
- Renal & Urinary System
- Pregnancy, Childbirth, & the Puerperium
- Female Reproductive System & Breast
- Male Reproductive System
- Endocrine System
- Multisystem Processes & Disorders
- Biostatistics, Epidemiology/Population Health
- Interpretation of the Medical Literature
- Social Sciences
Biochemistry and molecular biology Gene expression: DNA structure, replication, exchange, and epigenetics (eg, imprinting, Xactivation, DNA methylation) Gene expression: transcription Gene expression: translation, post-translational processing, modifications, and disposition of proteins (degradation), including protein/glycoprotein synthesis, intra-extracellular sorting, and processes/functions related to Golgi complex and rough endoplasmic reticulum Structure and function of proteins and enzymes (eg, enzyme kinetics and structural/regulatory proteins) Energy metabolism (eg, ATP generation, transport chain) Biology of cells Adaptive cell responses and cellular homeostasis (eg, hypertrophy) Mechanisms of injury and necrosis, including pathologic processes (eg, liquefactive necrosis, free radical formation) Apoptosis Cell cycle and cell cycle regulation (eg, mitosis) Mechanisms of dysregulation cell biology of cancer (eg, role of p53, proto-oncogenes) general principles of invasion and metastasis, including cancer staging Cell/tissue structure, regulation, and function, including cytoskeleton, organelles, glycolipids, channels, gap junctions, extracellular matrix, and receptors Human development and genetics Principles of pedigree analysis inheritance patterns occurrence and recurrence risk determination Population genetics: Hardy-Weinberg law, founder effects, mutation-selection equilibrium Principles of gene therapy Genetic testing and counseling Genetic mechanisms (eg, penetrance, genetic heterogeneity) Biology of tissue response to disease Acute inflammatory responses (patterns of response) acute inflammation and mediator systems (eg, histamine, prostaglandins, bradykinins, eosinophilic basic protein, nitric oxide) vascular response to injury, including mediators principles of cell adherence and migration (eg, ECAMs, selectins, leukocytic diapedesis, and rolling) microbicidal mechanisms and tissue injury (eg, defensins) clinical manifestations (eg, pain, fever, leukocytosis, leukemoid reaction, chills) Chronic inflammatory responses (eg, tumor necrosis factor) Reparative processes wound healing, repair: thrombosis, granulation tissue, angiogenesis, fibrosis, scar/keloid formation regenerative process Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic processes: general principles Pharmacokinetics: absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, dosage intervals Mechanisms of drug action, structure-activity relationships (eg, anticancer drugs) Concentration and dose-effect relationships (eg, efficacy, potency), types of agonists (eg, full, partial, inverse) and antagonists and their actions Individual factors altering pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (eg, age, gender, disease, tolerance, compliance, body weight, metabolic proficiency, pharmacogenetics) Mechanisms of drug adverse effects, overdosage, toxicology Mechanisms of drug interactions Signal transduction, including structure/function of all components of signal transduction pathways such as receptors, ligands (eg, general principles of nitric oxide, autocrine and paracrine signaling) Microbial biology Microbial identification and classification, including principles, microorganism identification, and non-immunologic laboratory diagnosis Bacteria structure (eg, cell walls, composition, appendages, virulence factors, extracellular products, toxins, mechanism of action of toxins) processes, replication, and genetics (eg, metabolism, growth, and regulation) oncogenesis antibacterial agents (eg, mechanisms of action on organism, toxicity to humans, and mechanisms of resistance) Viruses structure (eg, physical and chemical properties, virulence factors) processes, replication, and genetics (eg, life cycles, location of virus in latent infection) oncogenesis antiviral agents (eg, mechanisms of action on virus, toxicity to humans, and mechanisms of resistance) Fungi structure (eg, cell wall, composition, appendages, virulence factors, extracellular products, toxins, mechanisms of action of toxins) processes, replication, and genetics (eg, asexual vs. sexual, metabolism, growth) antifungal agents (eg, mechanisms of action on fungus, toxicity to humans, and mechanisms of resistance) Parasites structure (eg, appendages, macroscopic features, and virulence factors) processes, replication, and genetics (eg, life cycles, metabolism, and growth) oncogenesis antiparasitic agents (eg, mechanisms of action on parasite, toxicity to humans, and mechanisms of resistance) Prions Normal age-related findings and care of the well patient Infancy and childhood (0-12 years) Normal physical changes: linear growth, variations in linear growth, including constitutional delay; weight; head circumference; micturition, defecation,primary incontinence/bedwetting; normal physical examination; screening; sleep; teething syndrome Developmental stages: motor; speech; cognitive; psychosocial; anticipatory guidance Lifestyle and routine preventive health care: nutrition; exercise (eg, benefits of exercise); preventive/travel medicine; risk factors and prevention (eg, guns, swimming, motor vehicles, car seats); routine vaccinations Adolescence (13-17 years) Normal physical changes: linear growth, variations in linear growth including constitutional delay; weight; puberty; normal physical examination; gynecomastia; autonomy/self-identity; sleep Developmental stages: cognitive (eg, abstract thought); psychosocial (eg, autonomy, role confusion, sexual identity); anticipatory guidance Lifestyle and routine preventive health care: nutrition; exercise (eg, benefits of exercise); preventive/travel medicine; risk factors and prevention (eg, risk-taking behavior, helmets, safe sex, motor vehicles, seat belts, distractions); routine vaccinations Adulthood (18-64 years) Normal physical changes: weight; normal physical examination; screening; sleep Developmental stages: cognitive; intimacy vs isolation; anticipatory guidance Lifestyle and routine preventive health care: nutrition; exercise (eg, benefits of exercise); preventive/travel medicine; risk factors and prevention; routine vaccinations Senescence (65 years and older) Normal physical changes, including normal physical test for age: weight, height (spinal compression), skin, bruising; normal physical examination; response to temperature; micturition, defecation;sleep Developmental stages: motor; cognitive (eg, benign senescent forgetfulness); psychosocial; integrity vs despair; retrospection; anticipatory guidance Lifestyle and routine preventive health care: nutrition; exercise (eg, benefits of exercise); preventive/travel medicine; risk factors and prevention (eg, falls, general medical condition; polypharmacy, driving, caregiver stress); routine vaccinations Immune System Normal processes Development of cells of the adaptive immune response, including positive and negative selection during immune development Structure, production, and function granulocytes, natural killer cells, macrophages, mast cells, dendritic cells, cell receptors (eg, complement receptors and toll-like receptors), cytokines, chemokines T lymphocytes, including T-lymphocyte receptors, accessory molecules (eg, CD3, CD4, CD8, B7), cell activation and proliferation, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and memory T lymphocytes B lymphocytes and plasma cells, including B-lymphocyte receptors, immunoglobulins, cell activation and proliferation, including development of antibodies and memory B lymphocytes host defense mechanisms, host barriers to infection, mucosal immunity (eg, gutassociated lymphoid tissue and bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue), anatomical locations of T and B lymphocytes Cellular basis of the immune response and immunologic mediators antigen processing and presentation in the context of MHC I and MHC II molecules (eg, TAP, beta-2 microglobulin), intracellular pathways, mechanisms by which MHC is expressed on the surface; including distribution of MHC I and MHC II on different cells, mechanisms of MHC I and MHC II deficiencies, and the genetics of MHC regulation of the adaptive immune response (eg, peripheral tolerance, anergy, regulatory T lymphocytes, termination of immune response, and B-T lymphocyte interactions) activation, function, and molecular biology of complement (eg, anaphylatoxins) functional and molecular biology of cytokines (eg, IL 1-15) Basis of immunologic diagnostics (eg, antigen-antibody reactions used for diagnostic purposes, ELISA, immunoblotting, antigen-antibody changes over time, ABO typing) Principles of immunologic protection vaccine production and mechanisms of vaccine action biologically active antibodies (eg, monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal antibodies including IVIG, VZIG, rabies immunoglobulin) Effect of age on the function of components of the immune system Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Disorders associated with immunodeficiency deficiency primarily of humoral immunity: common variable immunodeficiency; hyper IgM syndrome; hypogammaglobulinemia/agammaglobulinemia, X-linked (Bruton); selective immunodeficiency (eg, IgA, IgM, IgE) deficiency/dysfunction primarily of cell-mediated immunity: adenosine deaminase deficiency; DiGeorge syndrome; severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID); Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome; granulomatosis; allergic reactions/skin complement deficiency: alternative pathway component deficiency (C2, C3b, C3bB, C36B6); classical pathway component deficiency (C1q, C1r, C1-C5); terminal component deficiency (C5b-C9; terminal complement complex); C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency, hereditary angioedema; mannose-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency; membrane attack complex deficiency deficiency of phagocytic cells and natural killer cells: Chediak-Higashi disease; chronic granulomatous disease and other disorders of phagocytosis; leukocyte adhesion deficiency HIV/AIDS: HIV1 and HIV2; AIDS; AIDS complications (eg, neuropathy, dementia, renal insufficiency); immunology of AIDS; immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS); secondary infections; noninfectious complications Immunologically mediated disorders hypersensitivity reactions: type 1, 2, 3, including anaphylaxis; type 4; drug reactions; serum sickness transplantation: rejection; graft-vs-host disease Adverse effects of drugs on the immune system: Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction; drugs affecting the immune system (eg, prednisone, azathioprine, cyclosporine, methotrexate, monoclonal antibody drugs [eg, abciximab, adalimumab; bevacizumab, infliximab, omalizumab, rituximab]); vaccine adverse effects Blood & Lymphoreticular System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes Organ structure and function Cell/tissue structure and function production and function of erythrocytes, including heme and hemoglobin synthesis; hemoglobin O2 and CO2 transport, transport proteins, erythropoietin production and function of platelets production and function of coagulation and fibrinolytic factors; hemostasis Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious and immunologic infectious disorders bacteria viral: hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus, Marburg virus); chikungunya; dengue fever; Zika virus disease parasitic: malaria (Plasmodium spp); babesiosis (Babesia species) primary infections of lymphoid tissue: lymphadenitis (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic); lymphangitis; buboes, bubonic plague (Yersinia pestis); cat scratch disease (Bartonella henselae) immunologic and inflammatory disorders: cryoglobinemia, essential mixed cryoglobinemia; autoimmune hemolytic anemia; paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria; thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura; hemolytic uremic syndrome Neoplasms: leukemia, acute (ALL, AML); leukemia, chronic (CLL, CML); lymphomas, Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma; multiple myeloma, dysproteinemias, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS); myelofibrosis; myelodysplastic syndrome, myelodysplasias; other immunoproliferative neoplasms (eg, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia) Anemia, cytopenias, and polycythemia anemias decreased production: anemia of chronic disease hemolysis: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency; pyruvate kinase deficiency disorders of hemoglobin, heme, or membrane: disorders of red cell membranes; hereditary spherocytosis, elliptocytosis; methemoglobinemia, congenital; sickle cell disease; sideroblastic anemia; thalassemias other causes of anemia: blood loss, acute and chronic as a cause of anemia cytopenias: aplastic anemia; leukopenia; neutropenia, cyclic neutropenia, agranulocytosis; pancytopenia; thrombocytopenia, quantitative; immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) cythemias: leukocytosis; polycythemia vera; secondary polycythemia Coagulation disorders (hypocoagulable and hypercoagulable conditions) hypocoagulable: disseminated intravascular coagulation; hemophilia, congenital factor VIII [hemophilia A] and IX [hemophilia B]; hypofibrinogenemia; von Willebrand disease; platelet dysfunction, qualitative hypercoagulable: heparin-induced thrombocytopenia; other coagulopathies (eg, homocysteinemia, hypoplasminogenemia, antithrombin III, protein C/protein S deficiency, Factor V Leiden, anticardiolipin antibodies, lupus anticoagulant, prothrombin G20210A mutation) reactions to blood components: ABO incompatibility/anaphylaxis; Rh incompatibility/anaphylaxis; hemolysis, delayed; transfusion reaction; transfusion contaminated with bacteria; transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI); anaphylactoid reaction (IgA deficiency) Traumatic, mechanical, and vascular disorders: mechanical injury to erythrocytes (eg, cardiac valve hemolysis); disorders of the spleen; splenic rupture/laceration; splenic infarct; splenic abscess; effects/complications of splenectomy (eg, sepsis due to encapsulated bacteria); hypersplenism Adverse effects of drugs on the hematologic and lymphoreticular systems: antiplatelet drugs, antithrombin drugs (eg, dabigatran); chemotherapeutic agents; inhibitors of coagulation factors; methemoglobinemia, acquired; propylthiouracil; tumor lysis syndrome; warfarin Behavioral Health Normal Processes Psychodynamic and behavioral factors, related past experience (eg, transference, personality traits) Adaptive behavioral responses to stress and illness (eg, coping mechanisms) Maladaptive behavioral responses to stress and illness (eg, drug-seeking behavior, sleep deprivation) Patient adherence: general adherence; adolescent adherence Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Psychotic disorders: brief psychotic disorder; delusional disorder; psychotic disorder due to another medical condition; schizophrenia; schizoaffective disorder; substance-induced psychotic disorder Anxiety disorders: acute stress disorder; anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, anxiety due to another medical condition, social phobia); hyperventilation syndrome; obsessive-compulsive disorder; panic disorder with and without agoraphobia; phobic disorders; post-traumatic stress disorder; separation anxiety disorder; substance-induced anxiety disorder, trichotillomania Mood disorders: major depressive disorder with and without psychotic features, with and without seasonal pattern; major depressive disorder, postpartum, with and without psychotic features, including screening; cyclothymic disorder; persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia); bipolar disorder, manic/depressed/mixed; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; bipolar and related disorder or depressive disorder due to another medical condition; substance/medication-induced bipolar and related disorder or depressive disorder (illegal or prescribed); suicidal ideation/attempt Somatoform disorders: body dysmorphic disorder; conversion disorder, including psychogenic seizures; dissociative disorders; illness anxiety disorder (hypochondriasis); malingering; pain disorder; somatic symptom disorder Factitious disorders: factitious disorder imposed on self Eating disorders and impulse control disorders: anorexia nervosa; binge-eating disorder; bulimia nervosa; eating disorder; disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders (eg, gambling, kleptomania, pyromania) Disorders originating in infancy/childhood: reactive attachment disorder; attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder; speech sound disorder or language disorder; learning disorder/dyslexia; intellectual developmental disorder and developmental delay, undefined, including school problems, fetal alcohol syndrome; oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder; autism spectrum disorder, Rett syndrome; psychoses with origin specific to childhood; elimination disorders (incontinence, encopresis); tic disorders/Tourette disorder Personality disorders: antisocial personality disorder; avoidant personality disorder; borderline personality disorder; dependent personality disorder; histrionic personality disorder; narcissistic personality disorder; obsessive-compulsive personality disorder; paranoid personality disorder; schizoid personality disorder Psychosocial disorders/behaviors: adjustment disorder; grief response/bereavement, normal and persistent complex; parent-child relational problems other than physical or emotional abuse; other psychosocial stress Sexual and gender identity disorders: gender dysphoria; psychosexual dysfunction Substance use disorders: alcohol use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; tobacco/nicotine use disorder/dependence/withdrawal; varenicline use; cannabis use disorder/intoxication/dependence; hallucinogen use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; inhalant use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; opioid, heroin, including prescription drug, use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; sedative, hypnotic, including benzodiazepine and barbiturate use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; stimulant, cocaine, methamphetamine use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; other drugs of use disorders (eg, ecstasy, PCP, bath salts)/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal; polysubstance use disorder/intoxication/dependence/withdrawal Nervous System & Special Senses Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes, including neural tube derivatives, cerebral ventricles, and neural crest derivatives Organ structure and function spinal cord gross anatomy and blood supply spinal reflexes brain stem (eg, cranial nerves and nuclei, reticular formation, anatomy and blood supply, control of eye movements) brain gross anatomy and blood supply higher function: cognition, language, memory, executive function hypothalamic function limbic system and emotional behavior circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder sensory systems general sensory modalities, including sharp, dull, temperature, vibratory, and proprioception special sensory modalities, including vision, hearing, taste, olfaction, and balance motor systems brain and spinal cord (upper motoneuron) basal ganglia and cerebellum autonomic nervous system peripheral nerves Cell/tissue structure and function, including neuronal cellular and molecular biology axonal transport excitable properties of neurons, axons, and dendrites, including channels synthesis, storage, release, reuptake, and degradation of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators presynaptic and postsynaptic receptor interactions, trophic and growth factors brain metabolism glia, myelin brain homeostasis: blood-brain barrier, cerebrospinal fluid formation and flow, choroid plexus Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders: meningitis: bacterial (Actinomyces israelii; Haemophilus influenzae; Listeria monocytogenes; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Neisseria meningitidis; Staphylococcus aureus, epidermidis; Streptococcus agalactiae; Streptococcus pneumoniae); viral (adenovirus, arboviruses, echovirus and coxsackie A & B viruses, polioviruses, herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster, human immunodeficiency virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, measles virus, mumps virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, California encephalitis virus, Western equine encephalitis virus); fungal (Blastomycosis dermatitidis, Cryptococcus neoformans/gattii); spirochetal (Borrelia burgdorferi; Leptospira; Treponema pallidum, including neurosyphilis); protozoal/helminths (Acanthamoeba, Naegleria fowleri, Strongyloides stercoralis, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Baylisascaris procyonis); encephalitis (herpesvirus [HSVI], varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, mumps virus, enterovirus, West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, rabies virus, Eastern and Western equine encephalitis virus, poliovirus, Taenia, Toxoplasma gondii); prion disease (eg, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); botulism (Clostridium botulinum), tetanus (Clostridium tetani); CNS disorders associated with AIDS (eg, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy) immunologic and inflammatory disorders: myasthenia gravis, including thymoma; multiple sclerosis; transverse myelitis Neoplasms (cerebral, spinal, and peripheral): benign (meningioma, neurofibromatosis); malignant (glioblastoma multiforme, astrocytoma, medulloblastoma, primary CNS lymphoma); metastatic (eg, breast, lung, pancreatic, testicular, melanoma) Cerebrovascular disease: arteriovenous malformations, ectatic cerebral vessels; transient ischemic attack; stroke, thrombotic: cerebral artery occlusion/cerebral infarction; stroke, embolic: cerebral embolism; stroke: intracerebral hemorrhage, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic intracranial hemorrhage; cerebral artery aneurysm; carotid artery stenosis/atherosclerosis/occlusion/dissection; vertebral artery deficiency/dissection; subclavian steal syndrome; vascular dementia; hypertensive encephalopathy; posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome; venous sinus thrombosis Disorders relating to the spine, spinal cord, and spinal nerve roots: cauda equina syndrome; spinal artery thrombosis/embolus/infarct; spinal cord compression; spinal cord transection, paraplegia and quadriplegia, acute and chronic effects (eg, autonomic dysreflexia); spinal stenosis (cervical, lumbar); syringomyelia Cranial and peripheral nerve disorders cranial nerve injury/disorders: cranial nerve injury; Bell palsy; anisocoria, miosis, mydriasis; internuclear ophthalmoplegia; nystagmus and other irregular eye movements; vestibular neuritis, labyrinthitis; ptosis of the eyelid; Horner syndrome peripheral nerve/plexus injury/disorders: peripheral nerve injury, including brachial plexus; carpal/cubital/tarsal/peroneal tunnel syndrome; mononeuritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome; Miller Fisher syndrome; neuropathy (eg, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease); herpes zoster Neurologic pain syndromes: complex regional pain syndrome (reflex sympathetic dystrophy, causalgia); fibromyalgia; postherpetic neuralgia; phantom limb pain/syndrome; thalamic pain syndrome; trigeminal neuralgia Degenerative disorders/amnestic syndromes: Alzheimer disease; frontotemporal dementia, including progressive supranuclear palsy, Lewy body disease; mild neurocognitive disorder, mild cognitive impairment Global cerebral dysfunction: altered states of consciousness; delirium; coma/brain death Neuromuscular disorders: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/spinal muscular atrophy; muscular dystrophy (eg, Duchenne, myotonic); muscle channelopathies (eg, hypokalemic period paralysis) Movement disorders: acute dystonia; adult tic disease; essential tremor; Huntington disease; Parkinson disease, including Parkinson dementia Metabolic disorders: adrenoleukodystrophy; metabolic encephalopathy Paroxysmal disorders: headache, including migraine, mixed, tension, ice-pick, cluster, medication withdrawal, caffeine withdrawal; seizure disorders, including generalized tonic-clonic, partial, absence, febrile Sleep disorders: cataplexy and narcolepsy; circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder; insomnia, primary; sleep terror disorder and sleepwalking; REM sleep behavior disorder; restless legs syndrome Traumatic and mechanical disorders and disorders of increased intracranial pressure: anoxic brain damage, cerebral hypoxia; epidural, subdural hematoma (cerebral and spinal); intraparenchymal hemorrhage, traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage; cerebral edema; pseudotumor cerebri (idiopathic intracranial hypertension); torticollis/cervical dystonia; hydrocephalus, including normal-pressure; traumatic brain injury (concussion)/postconcussion syndrome (dementia pugilistica); traumatic brain syndrome Congenital disorders: Friedreich ataxia; neural tube defects (eg, spina bifida, holoprosencephaly, anencephaly); microcephaly; Sturge-Weber syndrome; tuberous sclerosis, von Hippel-Lindau disease; hydrocephalus, obstructive (Arnold-Chiari) Adverse effects of drugs on the nervous system: acute dystonic reaction; drug-induced meningitis (eg, NSAIDs, sulfa drugs); drug-induced neuropathy (eg, vincristine, isoniazid, metronidazole); extrapyramidal adverse effects (eg, akathisia, dystonia, drug-induced parkinsonism); neuroleptic malignant syndrome; poisoning by psychotropic agents, including antidepressants; serotonin syndrome; tardive dyskinesia Disorders of the eye and eyelid infectious and inflammatory disorders of the eye: blepharitis/eyelid inflammation; chalazion; chorioretinitis; conjunctivitis (adenovirus)/keratoconjunctivitis; dacryocystitis; endophthalmitis; hordeolum; iridocyclitis; optic neuritis; periorbital cellulitis; uveitis neoplasms of the eye: melanoma; retinoblastoma disorders of the eye and eyelid, structural: cataract; glaucoma; lacrimal system disorders; pterygium; refractive disorders (presbyopia, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism) disorders of the pupil, iris, muscles (extraocular): amblyopia; strabismus disorders of the retina: hypertensive retinopathy; macular degeneration; papilledema; retinal detachment; retinitis pigmentosa; vascular disorders affecting the retina, including central retinal artery embolus, retinal hemorrhage, amaurosis fugax, embolus, carotid artery stenosis, central retinal vein occlusion; visual impairment/blindness, night blindness traumatic and mechanical disorders: black eye; burn of the eye and adnexa; corneal abrasion, ulcer; dislocated lens; foreign body in eye; hyphema; injury to optic nerve and pathways; laceration of the eye and eyelid; ocular open wounds; orbital fracture; subconjunctival hemorrhage adverse effects of drugs on the eyes: ethambutol; hydroxychloroquine; prednisone Disorders of the ear infectious and inflammatory disorders of the ear: chondritis; mastoiditis; otitis, externa, media, interna, serous, suppurative, malignant otitis externa neoplasms: acoustic neuroma, neurofibromatosis type 2; cholesteatoma hearing loss/deafness: hearing loss, including noise-induced; otosclerosis; tinnitus disorders of balance and spatial orientation: Ménière disease; motion sickness; vertigo, including benign positional vertigo traumatic and mechanical disorders: barotrauma; foreign body in ear; impacted cerumen; laceration, avulsion; perforation of tympanic membrane; eustachian tube disorders adverse effects of drugs on the ear: antineoplastic agents, including cisplatin; aminoglycosides; furosemide; salicylates Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and neonatal changes Organ structure and function, including barrier function, thermal regulation Cell/tissue structure and function, eccrine function Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life (eg, senile purpura, male pattern baldness, postmenopausal hair changes) Skin defense mechanisms and normal flora Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders and infestations bacterial: cellulitis, erysipelas, impetigo, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome; abscess, cutaneous, including septic abscess; anthrax (Bacillus anthracis); carbuncle; folliculitis; pilonidal cyst, infected; pyoderma gangrenosum; MSSA and MRSA skin infections; mycobacterial infections (eg, leprosy, draining sinus); scarlet fever (group A Streptococcus) viral: herpes simplex type 1 & type 2, herpes zoster, Ramsay-Hunt syndrome; molluscum contagiosum; hand-foot-and-mouth disease; herpangina; parvovirus; chickenpox, erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), rubella, measles, roseola (exanthema subitum); verrucae vulgaris fungal (deep and superficial): candidiasis, skin; dermatophytosis, tinea corporis; dermatomycoses; diaper rash; onychomycosis parasitic: cutaneous larva migrans; cutaneous leishmaniasis infestations, nonvenomous bites, stings: scabies; lice; insect bites, including bed bugs immunologic and inflammatory disorders papulosquamous and eczematous dermatoses: psoriasis; lichen planus and lichenoid dermatoses; allergic/irritant contact dermatitis (eg, nickel); dermatoses caused by plants (poison ivy, poison oak) vesiculobullous disorders: epidermolysis bullosa; dermatitis herpetiformis; pemphigus; pemphigoid urticaria, erythema, exanthema, and purpura: erythema nodosum; atopic dermatitis; pityriasis rosea; urticaria; Stevens-Johnson syndrome, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis autoimmune disorders: vitiligo Neoplasms benign neoplasms, cysts and other skin lesions: actinic keratoses; cysts, including epidermal; hemangiomas; lipoma; pigmented nevi; seborrheic keratosis; xanthomas malignant neoplasms: basal cell carcinoma; squamous cell carcinoma; melanoma, including genital; Kaposi sarcoma; cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, mycosis fungoides Adnexal disorders (hair and hair follicles, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, oral mucous membranes) disorders of the hair and hair follicles: alopecia; seborrhea capitis/seborrheic dermatitis; tinea barbae and capitis disorders of the nails (including ingrowing nail) disorders of sweat and sebaceous glands: acne vulgaris; hidradenitis suppurativa; hyperhidrosis; ichthyosis; rosacea Oral disease: aphthous ulcers (stomatitis, canker sores); leukoplakia Disorders of pigmentation: albinism; lentigo Traumatic and mechanical disorders: animal bites (dogs, cats, etc); burns or wounds affecting the skin or subcutaneous tissue (eg, sunburn, other including blast injuries and burns); cauliflower ear; effects of ultraviolet light; keloids; tattoo; thermal injury, perniosis, frostbite; ulcers, decubitus Congenital disorders: xeroderma pigmentosum; benign lesions in neonates, infants, children (eg, congenital nevi) Adverse effects of drugs on skin and subcutaneous tissue: drug reactions, eruptions, including local reaction to vaccine Musculoskeletal System Normal processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes Organ structure and function Cell/tissue structure and function biology of bones, joints, tendons, skeletal muscle, cartilage exercise and physical conditioning/deconditioning Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, inflammatory, and immunologic disorders infectious disorders: gangrene, dry and wet, clostridial myonecrosis (Clostridium perfringens); discitis; myositis, infective; necrotizing fasciitis; osteomyelitis; septic arthritis; spondylitis, tuberculous immunologic disorders: ankylosing spondylitis; dermatomyositis/polymyositis; juvenile idiopathic arthritis; rheumatoid arthritis, Felty syndrome; psoriatic arthropathy inflammatory disorders: adhesive capsulitis of shoulder (frozen shoulder syndrome); ankylosis/spondylopathy (inflammatory); bursitis; fasciitis; osteochondritis, osteochondritis dissecans; tendinitis, supraspinatus syndrome, enthesopathy of spine, elbow, ankle; temporomandibular joint disorders; fibrositis, myofascial pain syndrome; synovitis; tenosynovitis; myositis Neoplasms: benign neoplasms (e.g., ganglion cyst); malignant neoplasms of bone (eg, osteosarcoma, sarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, rhabdosarcoma); metastases to bone, secondary malignant neoplasm of bone Degenerative and metabolic disorders degenerative/metabolic disorders of bone, tendon, and cartilage: chondromalacia; disc degeneration, herniated disc; Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; osteodystrophy; osteomalacia; osteonecrosis (avascular), bone infarct; osteoporosis; osteopenia; osteitis deformans (Paget disease of bone); pathologic fracture; radiculopathies; spondylolisthesis/spondylosis (degenerative) degenerative/metabolic disorders of joints: gout, gouty arthritis, pseudogout; joint effusion; osteoarthritis degenerative/metabolic disorders of muscles, ligaments, fascia: Dupuytren contracture; muscle calcification and ossification; muscle wasting and diffuse atrophy; rhabdomyolysis Traumatic and mechanical disorders: amputation and care of amputees; backache, including low back pain; blast injuries; compartment syndrome; contractures, hospital-acquired; contusions; dislocations; fractures; sprains, strains; kyphoscoliosis, scoliosis; rotator cuff syndrome; slipped capital femoral epiphysis; dislocation of hip Congenital disorders: achondroplasia/dwarfism; disorders of limb development (HOX gene mutation, phocomelia); developmental dysplasia of the hip; dislocation of hip in infantile spinal muscular atrophy; genu valgum or varum; foot deformities (flat foot, valgus/varus deformities); osteogenesis imperfecta; McArdle disease; mitochondrial myopathies Adverse effects of drugs on the musculoskeletal system: drug-induced myopathy (eg, steroids, statins, cocaine, AZT); malignant hyperthermia Cardiovascular System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal transitional changes Organ structure and function chambers, valves cardiac cycle, mechanics, heart sounds, cardiac conduction hemodynamics, including blood volume and systemic vascular resistance circulation in specific vascular beds, including pulmonary and coronary Cell/tissue structure and function heart muscle, metabolism, oxygen consumption, biochemistry, and secretory function (eg, atrial natriuretic peptide) endothelium and secretory function, vascular smooth muscle, microcirculation, and lymph flow neural and hormonal regulation of the heart, blood vessels, and blood volume, including responses to change in posture, exercise, and tissue metabolism, and autonomic responses Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders: bacterial endocarditis, myocarditis immunologic and inflammatory disorders: atherosclerosis (eg, atherosclerosis of the aorta) Neoplasms: myxoma, metastases Dysrhythmias: premature beats (PACs, PVCs); atrial flutter/fibrillation; multifocal atrial tachycardia; paroxysmal tachycardias; ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation; wide complex tachycardia; torsades de pointes; bradycardias; atrioventricular block (first-, second-, third-degree); conduction disorder (LBBB, RBBB); cardiac arrest; sick sinus syndrome; prolonged QT syndrome; Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; carotid sinus hypersensitivity; pacemaker dysfunction, including failure to sense, capture Heart failure: chordae tendineae rupture; congestive heart failure; cor pulmonale; diastolic dysfunction; systolic dysfunction; mitral valve dysfunction; heart failure secondary to myocardial infarction; high-output heart failure, including thyrotoxicosis-induced, anemia-induced; tachycardia-induced; cardiogenic pulmonary edema Ischemic heart disease: acute coronary syndrome, acute myocardial infarction; angina pectoris, stable and unstable/coronary artery disease/coronary insufficiency; coronary artery spasm Diseases of the myocardium: cardiomyopathy, dilated, including alcoholic, viral, takotsubo; cardiomyopathy, obstructive hypertrophic; cardiomyopathy, familial dilated; cardiomyopathy, restrictive; hypertensive heart disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, right ventricular hypertrophy; complications of myocardial infarction; nontraumatic tamponade post-myocardial infarction; papillary muscle rupture/dysfunction; ventricular free wall rupture; myocarditis Diseases of the pericardium: chronic constrictive pericarditis; pericardial effusion; pericardial tamponade; acute pericarditis; pericarditis, following myocardial infarction, surgery, trauma Valvular heart disease: valve disorders, mitral/aortic/tricuspid, pulmonic (eg, regurgitation, stenosis, prolapse, insufficiency, vegetation); functional murmurs; rheumatic heart disease; complications of artificial valves Hypotension: orthostatic hypotension Hypertension: elevated blood pressure practicing without diagnosis of hypertension; essential hypertension; malignant hypertension; secondary hypertension Dyslipidemia: hypercholesterolemia; hyperlipidemia; hypertriglyceridemia; lipoproteins/lipoprotein lipase deficiency Vascular disorders disorders of the great vessels: aneurysm, aortic (abdominal/thoracic), dissection, ruptured; aneurysm, iliac, other peripheral vascular, ruptured; aortoiliac disease peripheral arterial vascular disease: arterial embolus/thrombosis; arteriovenous fistula; atheroembolic disease; claudication; cholesterol emboli; hypertensive vascular disease; peripheral arterial disease; thromboangiitis obliterans diseases of the veins: deep venous thrombosis, venous thromboembolism; phlebitis/thrombophlebitis; varicose veins; venous insufficiency; stasis ulcers, stasis dermatitis Traumatic and mechanical disorders: ventricular puncture; myocardial contusion; myocardial rupture; traumatic aortic dissection; traumatic tamponade Congenital disorders, including disease in adults: anomalous left coronary artery; atrial septal defect; coarctation of the aorta; endocardial cushion defect; patent foramen ovale; patent ductus arteriosus; tetralogy of Fallot; transposition of the great vessels; ventricular septal defect Adverse effects of drugs on the cardiovascular system: adriamycin; cocaine, amphetamine, PCP; ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, alpha blockers, minoxidil Respiratory System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes Organ structure and function airways, including mechanics and regulation of breathing lung parenchyma, including ventilation, perfusion, gas exchange pleura nasopharynx, sinuses Cell/tissue structure and function, including surfactant formation, and alveolar structure Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Pulmonary defense mechanisms and normal flora Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders of the upper airways: acute upper respiratory infection; viral infections (adenovirus, coronaviruses, coxsackievirus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, rhinoviruses); sinusitis; nasopharyngitis; epiglottitis; Bordetella pertussis pneumonia; croup; acute laryngitis; acute laryngotracheitis; tracheitis; pharyngitis; streptococcal throat infections; tonsillitis; peritonsillar abscess; rhinitis, allergic, chronic; ulcers of nasal cavity/sinuses infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders of the lower airways: hospitalacquired pneumonia; ventilator-associated pneumonia, community-acquired pneumonia, acute bronchiolitis; bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP); anthrax, pulmonary (Bacillus anthracis); aspiration pneumonia, pneumonitis; bronchitis, acute; bronchopneumonia; pneumonia (Burkholderia pseudomallei, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Legionella, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus, MSSA, MRSA, other gram=> negative bacteria); viral infection (eg, influenza A, B, adenovirus, H1N1, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus); fungal infection (aspergillosis, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and aspergilloma, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, Pneumocystis jirovecii); pulmonary tuberculosis; lung abscess; viral infection (eg, influenza A, B, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, avian influenza virus); fungal infection (aspergillosis, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and aspergilloma, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, Pneumocystis jirovecii) Neoplasms benign neoplasms: upper airways (eg, vocal cord polyps, nasal polyps, juvenile papillomatosis); lungs and pleura (eg, solitary pulmonary nodule, bronchial carcinoid tumors) malignant neoplasms upper airways: lip, oral cavity, and pharynx; head and neck cancer; larynx; trachea lower airways and pleura: malignant neoplasms of bronchus and/or lung (squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, large cell, small cell); malignant neoplasms of pleura (mesothelioma); secondary malignant neoplasms of lung; secondary malignant neoplasms of pleura metastatic neoplasms including pleural Obstructive airway disease: asthma, reactive airway disease; bronchiectasis; chronic airway obstruction; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema Pneumoconiosis/fibrosing/restrictive pulmonary disorders/interstitial lung disease: pneumoconiosis; asbestosis; silicosis; silo-filler's lung, byssinosis, bagassosis, berylliosis; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; hypereosinophilic syndromes, Loeffler syndrome; interstitial pneumonia, usual (UIP), desquamative (DIP), nonspecific Respiratory failure/respiratory arrest and pulmonary vascular disorders: acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary vascular disorders, arteriovenous fistula; pulmonary edema, pulmonary cause and unspecified; pulmonary embolism; air and fat embolism; respiratory failure due to enteral feeding Metabolic, regulatory, and structural disorders: disorders of gas exchange; hypoventilation; hypoxia; pulmonary alveolar proteinosis; ventilation-perfusion imbalance Disorders of the pleura, mediastinum, and chest wall: chylothorax; costochondritis; empyema; hemothorax; mediastinitis; pleural effusion; pleuritis; pneumomediastinum; pneumothorax Traumatic and mechanical disorders upper airways: epistaxis; barotrauma, sinus; laryngeal/pharyngeal obstruction; tracheoesophageal fistula; tracheal stenosis; tracheomalacia; trauma (eg, tracheal injury); foreign body (nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea); traumatic/mechanical disorders of the nasal cavity/sinuses (eg, septal perforation) lower airways and pleura: atelectasis; diaphragm/chest wall injury; drowning and neardrowning; foreign body, upper and lower respiratory tract; penetrating chest wounds; pulmonary contusion; sleep apnea, obstructive and central; hypoventilation syndrome, obesity-hypoventilation syndrome Congenital disorders: bronchogenic cysts; congenital cysts; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; pulmonary sequestration; immotile cilia syndrome Adverse effects of drugs on the respiratory system: bleomycin, amiodarone; adverse effects of 100% oxygen; acute effects of tobacco/nicotine, inhalants, cocaine Gastrointestinal System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes Organ structure and function anatomy of the alimentary canal, including mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus, peritoneal cavity liver and biliary system, including enterohepatic circulation salivary glands and exocrine pancreas gastrointestinal motility, including defecation digestion and absorption Cell/tissue structure and function endocrine and neural regulatory functions, including GI hormones (eg, gastrin) salivary, gastrointestinal, pancreatic, hepatic secretory products, including enzymes, proteins, bile salts, and processes synthetic and metabolic functions of hepatocytes Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Gastrointestinal defense mechanisms and normal flora Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders bacterial: pseudomembranous colitis (Clostridium difficile); enteritis/enteric infections (includes gastroenteritis) (eg, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Campylobacter species, Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella species, Shigella species, traveler's/infectious diarrhea); hepatic abscess, subhepatic abscess, subphrenic abscess; peritonitis, primary and secondary; Whipple disease viral: infectious esophagitis (eg, CMV, herpes); hepatitis A, B, C, D, E; coxsackievirus enteritis/colitis; Echovirus enteritis/colitis; rotavirus enteritis; mumps; gingivostomatitis, herpetic fungal: thrush parasitic: Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia, Isospora belli, Strongyloides stercoralis immunologic and inflammatory disorders: autoimmune hepatitis; celiac disease; eosinophilic esophagitis; granulomatous enteritis; inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn disease, regional enteritis, microscopic colitis (collagenous and lymphocytic colitis), ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon Neoplasms benign neoplasms, including polyps, cysts: stomach; small intestine; colon, rectum, and anus, including polyps malignant neoplasms and pre-malignant conditions: oral cancer (eg, lips, mouth, tongue, salivary glands); esophageal, squamous and adenocarcinoma; Barrett esophagus; gastrinoma, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome; gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors; gastrointestinal stromal tumors; small intestine; stomach, adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, MALT; colon, rectum, anus; hereditary colon cancer syndromes, familial adenomatous polyposis (eg, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Gardner syndrome, Turcot syndrome, ); MUTYH-associated polyposis; gallbladder, cholangiocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater; liver, including hepatoma; peritoneal cancer, including metastatic studding with cancer; pancreas metastatic neoplasms Signs, symptoms, and ill-defined disorders: upper gastrointestinal bleeding; lower gastrointestinal bleeding; constipation; diarrhea; hematochezia; bright red rectal bleeding; melena; nausea, vomiting, rumination Disorders of the oral cavity, salivary glands, and esophagus oral cavity and salivary glands: abscessed tooth; dental caries; malocclusion; disorders of the salivary glands (eg, stones, sialadenitis, parotitis) esophagus: achalasia and cardiospasm; dysphagia; diverticulum (eg, Zenker); esophageal periapical abscess without sinus; esophagitis/esophageal reflux (GERD); esophagitis, pill; Mallory-Weiss syndrome; paraesophageal (hiatal) hernia; stricture and stenosis of esophagus Disorders of the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus stomach: dyspepsia/hyperacidity; gastric ulcer; gastritis; peptic ulcer; peptic ulcer perforation; gastroparesis small intestine, colon: appendicitis; angiodysplasia; diverticula, diverticulitis, diverticulosis; duodenitis, duodenal ulcer, peptic ulcer; gastroenteritis and colitis (noninfectious); granulomatous enterocolitis; Hirschsprung disease; impaction of intestine; intestinal obstruction/stricture; intussusception; irritable colon/irritable bowel syndrome; mesenteric ischemia/ischemic bowel/ischemic colitis; necrotizing enterocolitis; paralytic ileus; volvulus; malnutrition and malabsorption, including lactose intolerance, short bowel syndrome rectum and anus: abscess of anal and rectal regions; anal fissure; anal fistula; ulcer; fecal incontinence; hemorrhage (rectum, anus); proctitis; hemorrhoids; rectal prolapse Disorders of the liver and biliary system, noninfectious liver: cirrhosis; Dubin-Johnson, Rotor syndromes; end-stage liver disease, including indications for transplantation; Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome; hepatic coma/hepatic encephalopathy; hepatitis, noninfectious; hepatitis, fatty liver, alcoholic; hepatorenal syndrome; hepatopulmonary syndrome; jaundice; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; portal hypertension/esophageal varices biliary system: bile duct obstruction/cholestasis; cholangitis, including ascending; choledocholithiasis; cholelithiasis/cholecystitis; cholestasis due to parenteral nutrition; gallstone ileus; Mirizzi syndrome; primary biliary cirrhosis; primary sclerosing cholangitis Disorders of the pancreas: pancreatitis, acute; pancreatitis, chronic; pancreatitis, hereditary; pancreatic cyst/pseudocyst; pancreatic duct obstruction; pancreatic insufficiency Disorders of the peritoneal cavity: ascites Traumatic and mechanical disorders: abdominal wall defects; adhesions, postsurgical; digestive system complications of surgery; post-gastric surgery syndromes (eg, blind loop syndrome, adhesions); duodenal tear; foreign body in digestive system; inguinal, femoral, and abdominal wall hernias; open wound, abdominal; perforation of hollow viscus and blunt trauma; perforation/rupture of esophagus (Boerhaave syndrome); umbilical hernia Congenital disorders: annular pancreas, biliary atresia, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresia, malrotation without volvulus, Meckel diverticulum, pyloric stenosis, tracheoesophageal fistula Adverse effects of drugs on the gastrointestinal system: drug-induced changes in motility (chronic laxative abuse, opioids); drug-induced gastritis, duodenitis, peptic ulcer disease (NSAIDs); drug-induced hepatitis (eg, acetaminophen, isoniazid); drug-induced pancreatitis (eg, thiazide diuretics) Renal & Urinary System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes Organ structure and function kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra glomerular filtration and hemodynamics urine concentration and dilution renal mechanisms in acid-base balance renal mechanisms in body fluid homeostasis micturition Cell/tissue structure and function renal metabolism and oxygen consumption tubular reabsorption and secretion, including transport processes and proteins hormones produced by or acting on the kidney (eg, renin, aldosterone, angiotensin II, vasopressin) Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders upper urinary tract: granulomatous pyelonephritis; perinephric abscess; pyelonephritis; pyonephrosis; renal abscess; renal tuberculosis lower urinary tract and urinary tract infections of unspecified location: cystitis; chlamydial and nonchlamydial immunologic and inflammatory disorders upper urinary tract glomerular disorders: Alport syndrome; glomerular disease due to hepatitis B, C; glomerulonephritis, including poststreptococcal; IgA nephropathy; lupus nephritis; minimal change disease; nephrotic syndrome; thin basement membrane disease tubular interstitial disease: acute tubular necrosis (ATN); acute interstitial nephritis; papillary necrosis; HIV nephropathy lower urinary tract: interstitial cystitis Neoplasms benign neoplasms and cysts: polycystic kidney disease malignant neoplasms: renal (eg, Wilms tumor/nephroblastoma, renal cell carcinoma, renal tumors associated with congenital/hereditary conditions); urinary bladder and collecting system Signs, symptoms, and ill-defined disorders: dysuria; hematuria; oliguria, anuria; proteinuria Metabolic and regulatory disorders: acute kidney injury; renal insufficiency; azotemia, uremic syndrome; chronic kidney disease, including end-stage renal disease; cystinuria; Fanconi syndrome; hypertensive renal disease (renal complications of hypertension); renal calculi, ureteral calculi, nephrolithiasis; renal tubular acidosis Vascular disorders: renal artery stenosis (atherosclerosis, fibromuscular dysplasia, nephrosclerosis); renal vein thrombosis; renal infarction Traumatic and mechanical disorders: bladder rupture; neurogenic bladder; obstructive uropathy; posterior urethral valves; renal laceration; renal vascular injury; ureteral laceration/avulsion/disruption; urethral diverticulum; urethral/ureteral obstruction/stricture/prolapse; urinary incontinence, including secondary enuresis; vesicoureteral reflux Congenital disorders: double ureters/ureteral duplication/double collecting system; horseshoe kidney; hydronephrosis/reflux; renal agenesis, renal hypoplasia, renal dysplasia; single kidney Adverse effects of drugs on the renal and urinary system: ACE inhibitors; aminoglycosides; amphotericin B; cisplatin; furosemide; gadolinium (nephrogenic systemic fibrosis); heroin; iodinated contrast dye; lithium; NSAIDs; penicillins; sulfa drugs; tenofovir; drug - induced urinary retention Pregnancy, Childbirth, & the Puerperium Normal Processes Organ structure and function: pregnancy, including fertilization, implantation, development of embryo, labor and delivery, the puerperium, lactation, gestational uterus, placenta Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Prenatal care preconception counseling and care: folate deficiency prevention; immunizations; nutritional assessment, including vitamins; Rh screening prenatal risk assessment/prevention: adolescent pregnancy; antepartum fetal evaluation, including biophysical profile; genetic screening; => -fetoprotein; diabetes mellitus; neural tube defects; Rh isoimmunization supervision of normal pregnancy: assessment of gestational age; iron deficiency prevention; nutrition, including weight management; surveillance, including ultrasonography and assessment of fetal growth; vitamin deficiency prevention; infections, maternal, fetal, newborn (focus on prevention and screening): cytomegalovirus, coxsackievirus, hepatitis B virus, herpes simplex viruses, HIV, influenza virus, parvovirus B19 virus, rubella virus, varicella-zoster virus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum, Streptococcus agalactiae, Toxoplasma gondii, amnionitis; asymptomatic urinary tract infection Obstetric complications: abortion, induced, septic, missed, spontaneous, threatened; acute fatty liver of pregnancy; anemia of pregnancy, sickle cell disease, thalassemia in pregnancy; antepartum hemorrhage, including third-trimester bleeding; cardiomyopathy of pregnancy; cervical incompetence, cervical shortening; cholestasis of pregnancy, intrahepatic; congenital abnormalities, maternal (eg, bicornuate uterus); ectopic pregnancy; fetal abnormality affecting management of mother (eg, hydrocephalus, spina bifida); fetal growth restriction; gestational diabetes; maternal mortality; multiple gestation; placental abnormalities (abruptio placentae, placenta previa, premature separation of placenta); polyhydramnios, oligohydramnios; preeclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, gestational hypertension; prolonged pregnancy; Rh isoimmunization affecting management of mother; vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness, hyperemesis gravidarum); trauma in pregnancy; infections complicating pregnancy Labor and delivery: labor and delivery, uncomplicated; labor and delivery, complicated, including shoulder dystocia; cesarean delivery, including complications; cord compression, cord prolapse; fetal malpresentations (eg, breech); intrapartum fetal evaluation, including fetal heart tones; intrapartum prophylaxis (eg, HIV, Chlamydia, gonococcal prophylaxis); premature rupture of membranes; preterm (before 37 weeks' gestation) and postdates labor and delivery; threatened preterm labor Puerperium, including complications: lactation problems; breast-feeding problems; lochia; postpartum cardiomyopathy; postpartum blues; postpartum hemorrhage; postpartum sepsis; retained placenta, products of conception (eg, placenta accreta); uterine atony Newborn (birth to 4 weeks of age) normal newborn examination of liveborn at admission to hospital screening, newborn disorders of the newborn: screening, newborn; ABO incompatibility in newborn; hemolytic disease due to Rh incompatibility; birth asphyxia syndrome (liveborn neonate); birth trauma (eg, cord compression, brachial palsy, lacerations); drug withdrawal syndrome in newborn; feeding problems in newborn; fetal growth and development abnormalities, including fetal growth restriction; gastrointestinal obstruction; hypocalcemia of newborn; infections, congenital or peripartum (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex viruses, HIV, hepatitis B, rubella virus, parvovirus B19 virus, varicella zoster virus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Streptococcus agalactiae, Treponema pallidum, Toxoplasma gondii); intrapartum fetal distress/death including stillborn; jaundice, fetal/neonatal/perinatal; laryngomalacia; macrosomia (large for gestational age); meconium aspiration syndrome; neonatal acne; neonatal Candida infection (thrush); neonatal hypoglycemia; neonatal conjunctivitis and dacryocystitis; ophthalmic gonorrhea; phenylketonuria; premature infant; postterm infant; pseudomembranous colitis of infancy; respiratory distress syndrome (hyaline membrane disease); respiratory problems after birth (eg, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, tracheomalacia; tracheoesophageal fistula in neonates); retinitis of prematurity; seizures in newborn; sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), apparent life-threatening event (ALTE); tetanus neonatorum Congenital disorders, neonatal: congenital malformations and anomalies; neonatal hydrocele Adverse effects of drugs on pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium: alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD); prenatal radiation exposure; teratology (eg, ACE inhibitors, SSRIs, warfarin, infections, toxins) Systemic disorders affecting pregnancy, labor and delivery, and puerperium: appendicitis; asthma; carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy; cirrhosis; deep venous thrombosis (DVT); diabetes mellitus; heart failure, valvular heart disease;hypertension; myasthenia gravis; obesity; pancreatitis; psychiatric disorders; renal calculus/calculi; renal failure/renal disease, including SLE; seizure disorders; thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism Female Reproductive System & Breast Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and perinatal changes, gametogenesis Organ structure and function female structure, including breast female function (eg, ovulation, menstrual cycle, puberty) intercourse, sexual response Cell/tissue structure and function: hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, sex steroids, and gestational hormones Reproductive system defense mechanisms and normal flora Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Breast infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders: breast abscess; inflammatory disease of breast, fat necrosis; mastitis; nipple discharge neoplasms benign and undefined neoplasms: breast cyst, solitary; fibrocystic changes; fibroadenoma; hypertrophy of breast; intraductal papilloma malignant neoplasms (including screening): breast cancer; intraductal carcinoma; Paget disease of breast; phyllodes tumors Female reproductive system infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders: bacterial vaginosis; Bartholin gland abscess; cellulitis, pelvic; candidiasis of the vulva or vagina; lichen sclerosus; sexually transmitted infections and exposure; cervicitis and endocervicitis; chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi); genital herpes; gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae); human papillomavirus infection, genital/venereal/anal warts, condylomata acuminata; lymphogranuloma venereum (Chlamydia trachomatis), non-lymphogranuloma venereum; pelvic inflammatory disease; Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome; salpingitis and oophoritis; syphilis (Treponema pallidum); trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis); urethritis; vaginitis; vulvovaginitis Neoplasms of the cervix, ovary, uterus, vagina, and vulva benign neoplasms and cysts: abnormal Pap smear; benign neoplasm of ovary; endocervical and endometrial polyps; leiomyomata uteri; ovarian cyst malignant and precancerous neoplasms: cervical cancer; HPV causing cancer; cervical dysplasia, HPV causing dysplasia; endometrial hyperplasia; endometrial/uterine cancer; gestational trophoblastic disease (hydatidiform mole); ovarian cancer; vulvar dysplasia and cancer Fertility and infertility: assisted reproductive techniques (ART); contraception (eg, oral contraceptives, IUD, vaginal cap, cervical sponge, diaphragm, implant, morning-after pill, male and female condoms); female infertility; gonadal dysgenesis 45,X (Turner syndrome); sterilization; tubal factors; infertility Menopause: ovarian failure, premature menopause; perimenopause; premenopausal menorrhagia; postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis (vaginal atrophy); postmenopausal bleeding; vasomotor symptoms Menstrual and endocrine disorders: abnormal uterine bleeding, including perimenopausal; absence of menstruation (primary amenorrhea, secondary amenorrhea including undiagnosed pregnancy); anovulation; dysmenorrhea; endometriosis; hirsutism, virilization; mittelschmerz; pelvic pain; polycystic ovarian syndrome; postcoital bleeding; premenstrual syndrome Sexual dysfunction: dyspareunia; orgasmic dysfunction; sexual desire/arousal syndrome; vaginismus Traumatic and mechanical disorders: Asherman syndrome; chronic inversion of uterus; chronic pelvic pain syndrome; cystocele; imperforate hymen; injuries, wounds, and burns affecting the female reproductive system and injuries, wounds, burns, and blast injuries; ovarian torsion; pelvic relaxation; prolapse, vaginal walls, uterine, uterovaginal; rectocele; urethrocele Congenital disorders: müllerian agenesis; uterus didelphys, bicornuate uterus; short cervix Adverse effects of drugs on the female reproductive system and breast: antihistamines, H2-receptor blockers; benzodiazepines; beta-adrenergic blockers; hormone replacement; opioids; spironolactone; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; tricyclic antidepressants Male Reproductive System Normal Processes Embryonic development, fetal maturation, and neonatal changes, gametogenesis Organ structure and function structure, male genitalia and prostate function, male genitalia and prostate (eg, spermatogenesis, puberty) intercourse, orgasm, erection Cell/tissue structure and function, including hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, sex steroids, and gestational hormones Reproductive system defense mechanisms and normal flora Repair, regeneration, and changes associated with stage of life Abnormal Processes: Health and Health Maintenance, Screening, Diagnosis, Management, Risks, Prognosis Infectious, immunologic, and inflammatory disorders infectious disorders: balan
Killexams Review | Reputation | Testimonials | Feedback
USMLE Questions and answers.
It is a completely fast choice to acquire killexams. com braindumps while my test out partner regarding USMLE. I could not really manage my favorite happiness ?nternet site began finding the questions about display screen; they have been just like copied questions from killexams. com dumps, so proper. This allowed me to to pass with 97% within 68 mins into your exam.
Where will I obtain material for USMLE exam?
killexams. com question bank seemed to be suitable. My spouse and i passed my favorite USMLE test with sixty-eight. 25% marks. The questions have been good luck appropriate. They help keep updating often the database along with new questions. And guys, go for it : they never ever disappoint an individual. Thank you a great deal of for this.
Great source of great real test
questions, accurate answers.
I selected killexams. com because Some sincerely would like to pass USMLE test however I wanted to pass along with true marks so that No later than this make an great impression in all of us. To achieve this I wanted outside the house useful assets and killexams. com to be willing to deliver it opinion. I learned over right here and employed USMLE questions to prepare. I became given the exact grand winning prize of most effective marks around the USMLE exam.
Get proper knowledge and study with the USMLE Questions and Answers and Dumps!
Ahead of discovering fantastic killexams. com, I used to succeed about the abilities of the online. As soon as I actually made your free account here I actually observed a total new world-wide and that is the beginning associated with my productive streak. That allows you to get ready for this USMLE exams, I used to recieve quite a few analyze questions/answers including a difficult plus fast design to test which in turn became quite precise and full. This made it easier for me within conducting satisfaction in my USMLE test which in turn ends up a fantastic feat. Kudos a lot while using.
Use valid USMLE braindumps. Dump quality and reputation does matter.
killexams. com gave me an exceptional practice device. I done it for my favorite USMLE test and was handed the most marks. I like the manner in which killexams. com does a test planning. essentially, which is a sell-off, therefore you get questions that can be used for the real USMLE exam. although the test simulator and the perform test arrangement help you retain it all adequately, so you become knowledge things and can be capable to draw upon this specific expertise around the destiny. great best and also the test simulator is very light-weight and consumer-pleasant. I did not encountered any troubles, so this is a superb cost regarding cash.
USMLE Step teaching
USMLE Step 1 Going flow/Fail: 5 alterations That should still Be next | USMLE Dumps and real questions
closing 12 months, a senior resident advised me, "or not it's tough to grade medical students right through their first clerkship. They have no idea the rest." besides the fact that children I had spent the preceding months attempting in vain to memorize everything of First support for the USMLE Step 1, that resident changed into appropriate.
providing oral case presentations became humiliating, the EHR was an unholy vortex, and i had no feel of when it turned into even appropriate to talk. regardless of the most suitable efforts of my primary careâ€“focused establishment, I entered the scientific part of medical faculty like a stranger in an odd land: underprepared and uneasy. My adventure turned into not wonderful. a good deal of this underpreparation and uneasiness is as a result of the unsavory consequences of Step 1 on preclinical education. "Step 1 mania," with its incessant emphasis on "high-yield" examination material, has lengthy undermined a clinical pupil's skill to dedicate time to the different essential points of becoming a top quality physician. luckily, Step 1 mania is about to die.
The country wide Board of clinical Examiners (NBME) recently introduced that Step 1 will exchange to flow/fail as early as 2022. This may well be the biggest trade in scientific schooling on account that the primary version of that examination was delivered in the Fifties. although many have concentrated on the challenges that this may pose when it comes to residency selection, this stream opens up several opportunities. however Step 2 CK (clinical potential) replaces the existing position of Step 1 in some ways, the priorities for preclinical training still stand able to be reexamined and reset.
The gateway to reforming scientific education has opened, and it be time to move to work. listed below are my five suggestions for what should come next.change 1: The NBME should still alternate What Step 1 Covers
The scoring system for Step 1 is changing, and the content should change with it. The brought up goal of Step 1 is to be certain mastery of the sciences and scientific concepts for "renovation of competence via lifelong learning." simplest, it would not in reality.
Few who have lately taken the test preserve the clinical cost of its content. As my colleagues and that i have described previously, "Step 1 highlights lingering anachronisms, histological curiosities, and select chromosomes." In contrast to what gets tested on Step 1, Competency-based mostly clinical training (CBME) emphasizes the software of capabilities to "scientific instances that physicians often face." That looks like an approach in order to put together us a ways more suitable for what's to come back.
Now that it might be pass/fail, Step 1 should still be overhauled and often updated in accordance with CBME. training clinicians from different specialties should still be consulted to choose and remove cloth it really is out of date, unsuitable, or now irrelevant. frequently misunderstood basic science and clinical issues may still be recognized and featured extra prominently on the examination. as an instance, dermatologists may also file that the outline of epidermis lesions is of more value than memorizing histology, and questions could be developed to determine this skill.
now is the time to believe more than just the culmination of Step 1 and revise what students see on the check itself.exchange 2: The NBME should Produce a Standardized, Free resource for Step 1
talking of verify-taking...
At every level of education earlier than medical college, the lecturers who give the examination have been the ones deciding on its content material. Step 1 mania short-circuited this design. as a result of what is established on Step 1 goes past individual institutional curricula, students generally use third-birthday celebration analyze components. outdated generations of scientific students realized from Harrison's principles of inner drugs. these days we learn from components like cartoon drawings and a crowdsourced digital flashcard deck known as Brosencephalon.
The NBME should fee an outstanding, skilled-vetted, continually updated, free-of-charge resource for Step 1 practise. scientific educators and scientific leaders across the nation may still collaborate to provide this resource, which might rapidly turn into the gold commonplace. institutions could then use it as a springboard for his or her personal curriculum. This useful resource would additionally serve to greater limit and define the scope of Step 1, as fabric now not coated would no longer be featured on the exam.
eventually, this useful resource may still be free. The NBME is a profitable company, and the prices of this task may effortlessly be covered by salary generated from checks corresponding to Step 1. This may not free us from the shackles of med school debt, but a penny saved certainly feels more than earned right here.trade three: associations should still include the Spiral Curriculum mannequin
in the basic science classes taken just before medical faculty, concepts are coated in separate, compartmentalized contraptions. This method effectively doesn't work for medical education. The interdependence of organ programs and disciplinesâ€”now not to mention the sheer amount of assistance accessible to graspâ€”overwhelms our surest attempts at compartmentalization. besides the fact that children institutions are increasingly endorsing an built-in approach, this typically just refers to becoming a member of basic and medical sciences.
in its place, the model of the spiral curriculum may still be carried out. That curriculum reinforces and integrates material in ascending order of value and difficulty. for example, a fundamental understanding of the organ programs, pharmacology, and anatomy should precede gaining knowledge of about general pathologies. This, in flip, should still precede getting to know about rarer pathologies and the nuances of analysis and medication.
The novelty in this method lies in isolating foundational cloth from higher-stage content material; ideally, the former is bolstered when addressing the latter. college students can be taught the administration of regular diseases like diabetes and hypertension prior to even beginning clerkships. this is able to galvanize upon us the algorithmic nature of scientific medicine and give us the self assurance with which to method other complications. briefly, we might understand some thing before starting our clerkships.
medical medication is a challenging, lifelong pursuit; we wouldn't have to wait unless clerkships to begin considering like a clinician.exchange four: clinical talents should Be emphasized in the Preclinical part
medical skills is only one of many expertise required to be triumphant as a doctor. Or so i am informed.
different quintessential potential encompass EHR use, offering case shows, speaking throughout disciplines, studying scientific questions, and even understanding scientific culture as an entire. we are rarely formally taught any of these issues. here is not because they're by hook or by crook unteachable or as a result of our school do not understand their importance. We don't seem to be taught them because residents and attendings lack the time and training to teach them.
The clerkship studying environment is very interpersonal and subjective; for some, it's outright antagonistic. we are brought to an unfamiliar environment whereas simultaneously being evaluated. no longer most effective does this think unproductive, nevertheless it also feels unfair.
The preclinical part should place a heavy emphasis on talents that go beyond merely memorizing clinical competencies. My institution and a lot of others do provide some medical publicity prior to clerkships, but there is considerable room for growth. students may still be formally taught these abilities in the lecture room however additionally within the health center and clinic settings. With this emphasis, we may enter clerkships geared up with tangible expertise and a clearer figuring out of expectations. i'm making a bet that this may support greater than simply us students, because the clerkship atmosphere would be greater collegial, entertaining, and educational as a result.change 5: Social, Political, and economic considerations should Be part of the Preclinical Curriculum
We be aware of that components corresponding to race, gender, sexual orientation, and sophistication constitute the social determinants of fitness. We need a ancient perspective to in fact bear in mind these disparities and supply our future sufferers with the care that they need.
We know what occurs without this emphasis and exploration. A study discovered that many scientific college students consider that black people adventure less pain than white individuals. one other discovered that black sufferers providing with a coronary heart assault are much less prone to obtain revascularization remedy. we are by no means immune to implicit bias, and we should be trained on these issues early on in our working towards.
We additionally know that political and financial factors similar to fashions of care, medical insurance, and drug pricing have profound results on the experience of clinical care. The contexts in which medicine is practiced may still be an essential component of clinical schooling, not whatever thing we discover as soon as we're already working towards.
youngsters the acquisition of clinical talents and clinical competencies should still now not be sacrificed, a more efficient curriculum would create house for gaining knowledge of these complementary and more and more elementary subject matters. This broader consciousness would certainly enhance advocacy among physicians, now not most effective for their patients however also for themselves.
With Step 1 mania quickly ending, the floodgates for trade in preclinical scientific education are about to open. What comes subsequent is any one's wager. My fear is that we will enable inertia to set in, resulting in yet one other gadget we don't consciously select. My hope is that we jointly make a decision that scientific college is first and optimal about establishing a strong groundwork for a satisfying profession. I agree with that enforcing the adjustments outlined right here would produce happier medical college studentsâ€”and finally better physicians. in the conclusion, is rarely that the point of clinical training?
David R. Chen is a fourth-yr scientific scholar whose previous work on the "Step 1 local weather" was posted in academic medicine.
comply with Medscape on fb, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube
While it is hard job to pick solid certification questions/answers regarding review, reputation and validity since individuals get sham because of picking incorrec service. Killexams.com ensure to serve its customers best to its efforts as for test dumps update and validity. Most of other's post false reports with objections about us for the brain dumps bout our customers pass their exams cheerfully and effortlessly. We never bargain on our review, reputation and quality because killexams review, killexams reputation and killexams customer certainty is imperative to us. Extraordinarily we deal with false killexams.com review, killexams.com reputation, killexams.com scam reports. killexams.com trust, killexams.com validity, killexams.com report and killexams.com that are posted by genuine customers is helpful to others. If you see any false report posted by our opponents with the name killexams scam report on web, killexams.com score reports, killexams.com reviews, killexams.com protestation or something like this, simply remember there are constantly terrible individuals harming reputation of good administrations because of their advantages. Most clients that pass their exams utilizing killexams.com brain dumps, killexams PDF questions, killexams practice questions, killexams test VCE simulator. Visit our example questions and test brain dumps, our test simulator and you will realize that killexams.com is the best test dumps site.
Is Killexams Legit?
Absolutely yes, Killexams is totally legit and fully reliable. There are several functions that makes killexams.com real and authentic. It provides informed and totally valid test dumps made up of real exams questions and answers. Price is small as compared to the vast majority of services on internet. The questions and answers are up-to-date on frequent basis along with most exact brain dumps. Killexams account structure and solution delivery is very fast. Record downloading is definitely unlimited and really fast. Guidance is avaiable via Livechat and Email address. These are the features that makes killexams.com a robust website that offer test dumps with real exams questions.
Which is the best site for certification dumps?
There are several Questions and Answers provider in the market claiming that they provide Real test Questions, Braindumps, Practice Tests, Study Guides, cheat sheet and many other names, but most of them are re-sellers that do not update their contents frequently. Killexams.com understands the issue that test taking candidates face when they spend their time studying obsolete contents taken from free pdf download sites or reseller sites. Thats why killexms update our Questions and Answers with the same frequency as they are experienced in Real Test. test Dumps provided by killexams are Reliable, Up-to-date and validated by Certified Professionals. We maintain Question Bank of valid Questions that is kept up-to-date by checking update on daily basis.
If you want to Pass your test Fast with improvement in your knowledge about latest course contents and topics, We recommend to download 100% Free PDF test Questions from killexams.com and read. When you feel that you should register for Premium Version, Just choose your test from the Certification List and Proceed Payment, you will receive your Username/Password in your Email within 5 to 10 minutes. All the future updates and changes in Questions and Answers will be provided in your MyAccount section. You can download Premium test Dumps files as many times as you want, There is no limit.
We have provided VCE Practice Test Software to Practice your test by Taking Test Frequently. It asks the Real test Questions and Marks Your Progress. You can take test as many times as you want. There is no limit. It will make your test prep very fast and effective. When you start getting 100% Marks with complete Pool of Questions, you will be ready to take genuine Test. Go register for Test in Test Center and Enjoy your Success.
RE18 writing test questions | 600-660 Free PDF | AZ-103 practice test | CAPM certification sample | NSE4_FGT-6.2 dumps | Salesforce-Certified-Community-Cloud-Consultant Cheatsheet | AZ-104 dump | HPE6-A49 Latest Questions | AZ-900 practice test | ISEB-ITILF pass marks | 156-315-80 PDF download | CLF-C01 test dumps | 143-425 test Braindumps | 350-901 Question Bank | PEGACPDC74V1 test prep | OCN test Cram | HPE2-T35 test sample | 70-743 questions and answers | PDII test practice | iSAQB-CPSA-F questions and answers |
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Practice Test
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 information hunger
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 techniques
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Latest Topics
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Cheatsheet
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 exam
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 book
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 syllabus
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 outline
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 genuine Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 information source
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test format
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 information source
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test success
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test prep
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Practice Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 study help
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 genuine Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test syllabus
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Question Bank
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 PDF Braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test format
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 boot camp
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 answers
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 PDF Download
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Practice Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 guide
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Latest Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test dumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 guide
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Latest Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test Braindumps
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 study help
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 answers
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 test Questions
USMLE - United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 study help
USMLE test results |
Similar Websites :
Pass4sure Certification test dumps
Pass4Sure test Questions and Dumps
We Make Sure Q&A work for you!
Pass4sure PDFs (Pass4sure Questions and Answers), Viewable at all devices like PC Windows (all versions), Linux (All versions), Mac / iOS (iPhone/iPad and all other devices), Android (All versions). It support High Quality Printable book format. You can print and carry anywhere with you, as you like.
Testing and Training Engine Software (Pass4sure VCE Practice Test) Compatible with All Windows PC (Windows 10/9/8/7/Vista/XP/2000/98 etc). Mac (Through Wine, Virtual Windows PC, Dual boot). It prepares your test for all the topics of exam, gives you exam tips and tricks by asking tricky questions, uses latest practice quiz to train you for the real test taking experience in learning mode as well as real test mode. Provides performance graphs and training history etc.
More Useful Links about USMLE
USMLE brain dump | USMLE bootcamp | USMLE real questions | USMLE practical test | USMLE practice questions | USMLE test prep | USMLE study material | USMLE exam prep | USMLE study guide | USMLE online exam | USMLE training material | USMLE mock test | USMLE mock exam | USMLE free practice tests | USMLE free test | USMLE test answers | USMLE online test | USMLE test questions | USMLE exam questions | USMLE exam papers | USMLE assessment test sample | USMLE reading practice test | USMLE practice test | USMLE test questions | USMLE exam prep | USMLE online exam | USMLE free prep | USMLE exam answers | USMLE sample test questions | USMLE test exam | USMLE exam results | USMLE free exam papers | USMLE exam dumps | USMLE past bar exams | USMLE exam preparation | USMLE free online test | USMLE practice exam | USMLE test questions and answers | USMLE exam test | USMLE test sample | USMLE sample test | USMLE test practice | USMLE free test online | USMLE question test | USMLE model question | USMLE exam tips | USMLE certification sample | USMLE pass exam | USMLE prep questions | USMLE entrance exam | USMLE essay questions | USMLE sample questions | USMLE study questions | USMLE mock questions | USMLE test example | USMLE past exams | USMLE quest bars
We provide Pass4sure Questions and Answers and exam simulators for the candidates to prepare their exam and pass at first attempt.
As a team are working hard to provide the candidates best study material with proper guideline to face the real exam.
Address: 15th floor, 7# building 16 Xi Si Huan.
Telephone: +86 10 88227272
FAX: +86 10 68179899
Others: +301 - 0125 - 01258
USMLE Free PDF Download